Tomofumi Uto

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Nanoparticles are considered to be efficient tools for inducing potent immune responses by an Ag carrier. In this study, we examined the effect of Ag-carrying biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs) on the induction of immune responses in mice. The NPs were efficiently taken up by dendritic cells (DCs) and subsequently(More)
Induction of an adaptive immune response by vaccination is possible for a broad range of infectious diseases or cancers. Antigen-loaded polymeric nanoparticles have recently been shown to possess significant potential as vaccine delivery systems and adjuvants. Here we demonstrate the use of nanoparticles composed of amphiphilic poly(amino acid) derivatives(More)
The mainstream of recent anti-AIDS vaccines is a prime/boost approach with multiple doses of the target DNA of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and recombinant viral vectors. In this study, we have attempted to construct an efficient protein-based vaccine using biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs), which are(More)
Antigen delivery systems using polymeric nanoparticles are of special interest as stable protein-based antigen carriers. In the present study, novel biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles were examined for their antigen delivery and immunostimulatory activities in vitro and in vivo. The uptake of ovalbumin by dendritic cells was(More)
Poly(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs) carrying antigens have been shown to induce potent antigen-specific immune responses. However, in vivo delivery of γ-PGA NPs to dendritic cells (DCs), a key regulator of immune responses, still remains unclear. In this study, γ-PGA NPs were examined for their uptake by DCs and subsequent migration from the(More)
Biodegradable poly(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs) are considered to be an excellent antigen carrier. Antigen-carrying γ-PGA NPs were examined for their uptake by murine dendritic cells (DCs) and subsequent induction of antigen-specific immune responses in mice and compared with aluminum (AL) adjuvants. Ovalbumin (OVA)-carrying NPs(More)
Vaccine strategy needs efficient adjuvants to induce potent antigen-specific immune responses by targeting antigens to antigen presenting cells followed by their functional maturation. In this study, biodegradable poly(gamma-glutamic acid) (gamma-PGA) nanoparticles (NPs) were examined for their immunological activities in mice. Like lipopolysaccharide,(More)
We previously reported that biodegradable amphiphilic poly(gamma-glutamic acid) nanoparticles (NPs) carrying the recombinant gp120 env protein of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) were efficiently taken up by dendritic cells, and induced strong CD8(+) T cell responses against the gp120 in mice. To evaluate gp120-carrying NPs (gp120-NPs) as a(More)
Endosomal toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated detection of viral nucleic acids (NAs) and production of type I interferon (IFN-I) are key elements of antiviral defense, while inappropriate recognition of self NAs with the induction of IFN-I responses is linked to autoimmunity such as psoriasis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells(More)
Polystyrene nanospheres (NS) were found to be efficiently taken up by murine antigen-presenting cells (APC), especially bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DC), in vitro and in vivo. The efficiency of NS uptake was not affected by the maturation state of DC. Both immature and mature DC had similar ability to take up NS in a dose- and time-dependent manner.(More)