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OBJECTIVE A positron emission tomography (PET) study has suggested that dopamine transporter density of the caudate/putamen is reduced in methamphetamine users. The authors measured nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex density, in addition to caudate/putamen density, in methamphetamine users and assessed the relation of these measures to the subjects'(More)
The origin of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing fibers observed in the superior cervical ganglia (SCG) of the rat was investigated by a combined technique of retrograde axonal tracing and indirect immunofluorescence. Following the injection of Fast blue (FB) into the SCG, labeled neurons were observed in the C8-T5 spinal cord segments, with(More)
A novel rat membrane protein, termed Isk protein, that exhibits a voltage-dependent potassium channel activity was first reported through molecular cloning combined with an electrophysiological assay (Takumi et al., 1988). In the present study, we made an attempt to identify the cellular localization of the rat Isk protein in the stria vascularis using two(More)
Shaking Rat Kawasaki (SRK) is an autosomal recessive mutant rat recognized by unstable gait and tremor and by early death around the time of weaning. We previously reported that corticospinal tract neurons are malpositioned in the motor cortex of the SRK rat [Ikeda and Terashima (1997) J. Comp. Neurol. 383, 370-380]. In the present study, we examined the(More)
Feruloyltyramine (FT), a new amide compound, together with p-coumaroyltyramine (p-CT) was isolated and identified in ethanol extract of cannabis seeds. FT and p-CT were also detected in the roots, leaves and resin of Cannabis sativa L. The intracerebroventricular injection of these amides caused hypothermia and motor incoordination in mice, and the maximal(More)
The distribution and ontogenetic development of several neuropeptides such as enkephalin, substance P, somatostatin, neuropeptide Y, and of monoamines such as serotonin and catecholamines in the facial nucleus of the rat were investigated with immunocytochemistry. The neuropeptides were concentrated in certain subnuclei. Enkephalin-immunoreactive fibers(More)
We found that the level of nerve growth factor receptor (NGF-R) mRNA in facial motoneurons was increased after both facial nerve crushing and transection by means of in situ hybridization histochemistry. The increased level of NGF-R mRNA was maintained for at least 8 weeks after facial nerve transection, while facial nerve crushing caused only a transient(More)
Mitchell et al. (1976, 1977) suggested that pica, eating of nonnutritive substances such as kaolin, is an illness-response behavior in rats. In the present study, we first confirmed their suggestion and then examined the effects of antiemetics on emetic-induced pica in rats. Intraperitoneal injection of apomorphine induced dose-dependent kaolin consumption.(More)
The role of neuropeptides in nasal allergy was examined in guinea pigs by histochemical and pharmacological study. Intranasal application of toluene diisocyanate (TDI) induced nasal allergy-like behaviors: sneezing and watery rhinorrhea, and decreased histamine content in the nasal mucosa in guinea pigs sensitized with TDI. The immunoreactivity of substance(More)
The actions of excitatory amino acid (EAA) antagonists on synaptic inputs to neurons in the rat medial vestibular nucleus (MVN) from ipsilateral vestibular afferents and vestibular commissures were studied in brain stem slice preparations. Antagonists used were 2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (APV), a selective antagonist for the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)(More)