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We describe extracellular interactions between fibronectin (Fn) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) that influence integrin-growth factor receptor crosstalk and cellular responses. In previous work, we found that VEGF bound specifically to fibronectin (Fn) but not vitronectin or collagens. Herein we report that VEGF binds to the heparin-II domain(More)
In this paper, an attempt is made to classify the EEG signals of letter imagery tasks using a combined independent component analysis and probabilistic neu-ral network. The role of the principal/independent component analysis is to mitigate the effect of EOG arti-facts within each single-trial EEG pattern. Experimental results show an overall performance(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cell self-renewal and pluripotency are maintained by several signaling cascades and by expression of intrinsic factors, such as Oct3/4 and Nanog. The signaling cascades are activated by extrinsic factors, such as leukemia inhibitory factor, bone morphogenic protein, and Wnt. However, the mechanism that regulates extrinsic signaling in ES(More)
Their cDNA-derived amino acid sequences predict that the 80-kDa subunits of the micromolar and millimolar Ca(2+)-requiring forms of the Ca(2+)-dependent proteinase (mu- and m-calpain, respectively) each consist of four domains and that the 28-kDa subunit common to both mu- and m-calpain consists of two domains. The calpains were allowed to autolyze to(More)
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based sensors have been used to detect the binding between interactive molecules. We applied the SPR technology to the analysis of interactions between living cells and molecules reactive to the cells, using mast cells and mast cell-reactive antigens. The exposure of dinitrophenol-human serum albumin (DNP-HSA), an antigen(More)
We have studied two heterozygous unrelated CRM- non-Jewish FXI-deficient patients. Neither of the patients carries a previously described mutation. Their FXI genes were screened by SSCP analysis following PCR amplification of each exon and the flanking intronic sequences. DNA fragments showing aberrant mobility were cloned and sequenced. The following(More)
Carbohydrate chip technology has a great potential for the high-throughput evaluation of carbohydrate-protein interactions. Herein, we report syntheses of novel sulfated oligosaccharides possessing heparin and heparan sulfate partial disaccharide structures, their immobilization on gold-coated chips to prepare array-type Sugar Chips, and evaluation of(More)
Recombinant human proteins are generally recovered in low yields from mammalian tissue culture following transfection with commercially available vectors. We have constructed a novel vector containing both the neomycin-resistance-encoding gene (neo) as a dominant selectable marker, and the dihydrofolate reductase-encoding gene (DHFR) to enable amplification(More)
In the present study we identified the epitopes of antibodies against amyloid beta-(1-42)-peptide (Abeta1-42): 4G8 reacted with peptides corresponding to residues 17-21, 6F/3D reacted with peptides corresponding to residues 9-14, and anti 5-10 reacted with peptides corresponding to residues 5-10. The study also yielded some insight into the Abeta1-42(More)
To obtain lectins without tedious purification steps, we developed a convenient method for a one-step purification of lectins using sugar-immobilized gold nano-particles (SGNPs). Proteins in crude extracts from plant materials were precipitated with 60% ammonium sulphate, and the precipitate was re-dissolved in a small volume of phosphate buffer. The(More)