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BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown that bone marrow-derived stem cells differentiate into the phenotype of cardiomyocytes in vivo and in vitro. We tried to regenerate infarcted myocardium by implanting ex vivo transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-preprogrammed CD117 (c-kit)-positive (CD117+) stem cells intramyocardially. METHODS AND RESULTS CD117+(More)
Riboflavin transporter (RFT) 2 has recently been identified as a transporter that may be, mainly based on the functional characteristics of its rat ortholog (rRFT2), involved in the intestinal absorption of riboflavin. The present study was conducted to further examine such a possible role of RFT2, focusing on the functional characteristics of its human(More)
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and angiotensin II (AngII) induce vascular remodeling through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). AngII has also been shown to increase antioxidant enzyme extracellular superoxide dismutase (ecSOD). However, the roles of TLR4 in Ang II-induced ROS production, vascular remodeling and hypertension remain unknown. Mice(More)
We previously reported that fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) facilitated the differentiation of transplanted bone marrow cells (BMCs) into hepatocytes. Our earlier study also demonstrated that administration of FGF2 in combination with bone marrow transplantation (BMT) synergistically activated tumor necrosis factor-alpha signaling and significantly(More)
We have developed an in vivo mouse model, the green fluorescent protein (GFP)/carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) model, and have previously reported that transplanted GFP-positive bone marrow cells (BMCs) differentiate into hepatocytes via hepatoblast intermediates. Here, we have investigated the growth factors that are closely related to the differentiation of(More)
AIM Angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ) produces reactive oxygen species (ROS), thus contributing to the development of cardiac hypertrophy and subsequent heart failure, and stimulates the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). In addition, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in the upregulation of MCP-1. In order to clarify whether TLR4 is involved(More)
The importance of TNF-α signals mediated by tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (TNFR1) in inflammation and fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), and in post-injury liver regeneration including a GFP/CCl4 model developed as a liver repair model by bone marrow cell (BMC) infusion, was investigated. In mice in which TNFR1 was suppressed by(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxic preconditioning of bone marrow cells (BMCs) from young healthy individuals can enhance the cells' therapeutic potential. Considering that the response to hypoxia may differ according to the quality of the cells, we assessed the effect of hypoxic preconditioning on BMCs from aged mice and compared the difference in response between BMCs(More)
BACKGROUND Although operative injury is thought generally to worsen the prognosis of cancer patients, the relevant mechanisms are not yet understood fully. We tested the hypothesis that operative injury induces mobilization and recruitment of bone marrow stem cells, thereby enhancing angiogenesis and accelerating tumor growth. METHODS Mice were subjected(More)
Companion animal spontaneous tumors are suitable models for human cancer, primarily because both animal population and the tumors are genetically heterogeneous. Feline mammary carcinoma (FMC) is a highly aggressive, mainly hormone receptor-negative cancer, which has been proposed as a model for poor prognosis human breast cancer. We have identified and(More)