Tomoaki Kunitsu

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BACKGROUND Activated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase δ syndrome (APDS) is a recently discovered primary immunodeficiency disease (PID). Excess phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity linked to mutations in 2 PI3K genes, PIK3CD and PIK3R1, causes APDS through hyperphosphorylation of AKT, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and S6. OBJECTIVE This(More)
X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) is a rare inherited immunodeficiency that often leads to hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). XLP can be classified as XLP1 or XLP2, caused by mutations in SH2D1A and XIAP, respectively. In women, X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) of most X-linked genes occurs on one of the X chromosomes in each cell. The choice(More)
This is the first report of symptomatic Meckel diverticulum in a newborn, in which direct compression by a short mesodiverticular band (MDB) caused intestinal obstruction. A short MDB can cause intestinal obstruction due to direct compression. There are two mechanisms by which Meckel diverticulum with MDB can cause intestinal obstruction: internal hernia(More)
Cervical lymphangioma can cause airway obstruction secondary to enlargement following infection. Physicians should be aware that the airway obstruction can progress rapidly when patients with cervical lymphangioma have respiratory symptoms. Sclerotherapy for lymphangioma can cause both transient swelling and airway obstruction; thus, prophylactic and(More)
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