Tomoaki Kato

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Knowledge of human T cells derives chiefly from studies of peripheral blood, whereas their distribution and function in tissues remains largely unknown. Here, we present a unique analysis of human T cells in lymphoid and mucosal tissues obtained from individual organ donors, revealing tissue-intrinsic compartmentalization of naive, effector, and memory(More)
We investigated the role of donor bone marrow cell (DBMC) infusions in immunosuppression withdrawal in adult liver transplantation. Patients enrolled were at least 3 years post-transplantation, with stable graft function. Forty-five (study group: G1) received DBMC, and 59 (control group: G2) did not. Immunosuppression was reduced by one third upon(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Severe gastrointestinal dysmotility (GID) impairs patients' quality of life and is almost uniformly fatal after complications of parenteral nutrition. Intestinal and multivisceral transplants have been used as alternative treatment of these disorders. We studied patients with GID treated with transplantation in our center, and reviewed(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing demand for transplantation has resulted in a trend toward using virologically compromised donors. We reviewed our experience with liver grafts from hepatitis-B surface antigen (HBsAg)(-), antibody to core antigen (anti-HBc)(+) donors. METHODS Sixty-two liver transplants using HBsAg(-), anti-HBc(+) donors were studied. The(More)
Intestinal transplantation has been established as a treatment option for patients that suffer from intestinal failure with complications from total parenteral nutrition. It is still rapidly evolving and just reached a landmark of 1,000 cases worldwide. Intestinal allografts can be transplanted as isolated, combined with the liver or as a part of a(More)
It is unclear how the immune response in early life becomes appropriately stimulated to provide protection while also avoiding excessive activation as a result of diverse new antigens. T cells are integral to adaptive immunity; mouse studies indicate that tissue localization of T cell subsets is important for both protective immunity and immunoregulation.(More)
Expression of OsWRKY71, a rice WRKY gene, was induced by biotic elicitors and pathogen infection. It was also found that OsWRKY71 has features characteristic of a transcriptional repressor. Microarray analysis revealed that several elicitor-induced defense-related genes were upregulated in rice cells overexpressing OsWRKY71. These results indicate that the(More)
BACKGROUND Intrahepatic biliary strictures (IHBS) without hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is a serious complication and known to increase the risk of graft failure after liver transplantation. This manuscript describes the incidence, risk factors, clinical pictures, management, and outcomes. METHODS Between 1994 and 2002, 1,113 liver transplantations were(More)
Living donor liver transplantation has failed to become a major means of transplantation in the United States, where <5% of the transplants are performed with living donors. At least 30% to 50% of the complications of donor hepatectomy appear to be related to abdominal wall trauma, including hernia, bowel obstruction, and chronic abdominal discomfort. We(More)
The optical cross-connect (OXC) system described in this paper increases the operation flexibility and reliability of the trunk-line optical networks used for data communication. It features an OXC node comprised of a photonic switching network and a conventional electric switching network that are connected hierarchically. The operation and management(More)