Tomoaki Ishihara

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We recently reported that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastric lesions involve NSAID-induced apoptosis of gastric mucosal cells, which in turn involves the endoplasmic reticulum stress response, in particular the up-regulation of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous transcription factor (CHOP). In this study, we have examined the(More)
A major clinical problem encountered with the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as indomethacin, is gastrointestinal complications. Both NSAID-dependent cyclooxygenase inhibition and gastric mucosal apoptosis are involved in NSAID-produced gastric lesions, and this apoptosis is mediated by the endoplasmic reticulum stress response(More)
A number of clinical studies have shown that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) exacerbate inflammatory bowel disease; however the molecular mechanism whereby this occurs remains unclear. NSAIDs inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX), which has subtypes COX-1 and COX-2. In this study, we have examined the effect of various types of NSAIDs on the(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is thought to involve inflammatory infiltration of leukocytes, lung injury induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), in particular superoxide anion, and fibrosis (collagen deposition). No treatment has been shown to improve definitively the prognosis for IPF patients. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalyzes the dismutation(More)
Here, we found that microRNA-24-1 (miR-24-1) is significantly reduced in bladder cancer (BC) tissues, suggesting that it functions as a tumour suppressor. Restoration of mature miR-24-1 inhibits cancer cell proliferation and induces apoptosis. Forkhead box protein M1 (FOXM1) is a direct target gene of miR-24-1, as shown by genome-wide gene expression(More)
Although recent reports suggest that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response is induced in association with the development of inflammatory bowel disease, its role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease remains unclear. The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) homologous protein (CHOP) is a transcription factor that is involved in the ER(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC) involves intestinal mucosal damage induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), in particular, superoxide anion. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalyzes dismutation of superoxide anion to hydrogen peroxide, which is subsequently detoxified by catalase. Lecithinized SOD (PC-SOD) is a new modified form of SOD that has overcome previous(More)
Recent clinical trials of chemotherapeutics for advanced bladder cancer (BC) have shown limited benefits. Therefore, new prognostic markers and more effective treatment strategies are required. One approach to achieve these goals is through the analysis of RNA networks. Our recent studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures revealed that the(More)
Macroautophagy is an intracellular degradation system that utilizes the autophagosome to deliver cytoplasmic components to the lysosome. Measuring autophagic activity is critically important but remains complicated and challenging. Here, we have developed GFP-LC3-RFP-LC3ΔG, a fluorescent probe to evaluate autophagic flux. This probe is cleaved by endogenous(More)
Here, we found that members of the microRNA-29 family (miR-29a/b/c; "miR-29s") were significantly reduced in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tissues, suggesting that they functioned as tumour suppressors. Restoration of all mature members of the miR-29 family inhibited cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion. LOXL2 was a direct target gene(More)