Tomoaki Akiyama

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BACKGROUND Perfusion magnetic resonance image with arterial spin labeling (ASL) provides a completely noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF). However, arterial transient times can have a marked effect on the ASL signal. For example, a single postlabeling delay (PLD) of 1.5 seconds underestimates the slowly streaming collateral pathways that(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance perfusion imaging (ASL-MRI) allows noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) but depends on the arterial transit time (ATT). With the commonly used single postlabeling delay (PLD) of 1.5 seconds, slow flow through collateral vessels may be underestimated. We used both 1.5 and 2.5 seconds to(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral hyperperfusion after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is defined as an increase in ipsilateral cerebral blood flow (CBF). Practically, however, prompt and precise assessment of cerebral hyperperfusion is difficult because of limitations in the methodology of CBF measurement during the perioperative period. Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a(More)
UNLABELLED Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with severe intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) often develop infectious complications during the acute stage. Animal experiments have demonstrated that enteral immunonutrition with a dietary fluid containing whey peptide (WP) enhances immunoactivity and prevents infection. The aim of the current study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance perfusion imaging (ASL-MRI) allows noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) but depends on arterial transit time (ATT). To overcome this problem, we developed a simple ASL technique with dual postlabeling delay (PLD) settings. In addition to the routinely used PLD of 1.5 seconds, we selected(More)
Dematiaceous fungi have melanin-like pigment in the cell wall and usually cause a variety of dermal infections in humans. Infections of the central nervous system(cerebral phaeohyphomycosis)are rare but serious, since they commonly occur in immunocompromized patients. A 76-year-old man was admitted with mild motor aphasia and underwent total excision of a(More)
We report a rare case of cerebellar abscess produced by anaerobic bacteria. A 76-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a history of fever, vomiting, and dizziness lasting 14 days. Computed tomography(CT)scan and magnetic resonance images showed the presence of a multiloculated cerebellar abscess with a right subdural abscess. The patient underwent(More)
We report the case of a 62-year-old woman with delayed hydrocephalus following endovascular embolization with hydrogel coils for an unruptured aneurysm at the tip of the basilar artery. She underwent the first and second embolizations with bare platinum coils and matrix coils, respectively. However, recanalization and regrowth of the aneurysm was observed,(More)