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The Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) mediates gene silencing, in part by monoubiquitination of histone H2A on lysine 119 (uH2A). Bmi1 and Ring1b are critical components of PRC1 that heterodimerize via their N-terminal RING domains to form an active E3 ubiquitin ligase. We have determined the crystal structure of a complex between the Bmi1/Ring1b(More)
Human tumours typically harbour a remarkable number of somatic mutations. If presented on major histocompatibility complex class I molecules (MHCI), peptides containing these mutations could potentially be immunogenic as they should be recognized as 'non-self' neo-antigens by the adaptive immune system. Recent work has confirmed that mutant peptides can(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. Glycan shielding has been proposed to be a mechanism by which HCV masks broadly neutralizing epitopes on its viral glycoproteins. However, the role of altered glycosylation in HCV resistance to broadly neutralizing antibodies is not fully understood. Here, we(More)
The KDM5 family of histone demethylases catalyzes the demethylation of histone H3 on lysine 4 (H3K4) and is required for the survival of drug-tolerant persister cancer cells (DTPs). Here we report the discovery and characterization of the specific KDM5 inhibitor CPI-455. The crystal structure of KDM5A revealed the mechanism of inhibition of CPI-455 as well(More)
Mass spectrometry is a powerful alternative to antibody-based methods for the analysis of histone post-translational modifications (marks). A key development in this approach was the deliberate propionylation of histones to improve sequence coverage across the lysine-rich and hydrophilic tails that bear most modifications. Several marks continue to be(More)
This reported work applies a transformational synthesis approach to hardware/software codesign. In this approach, the process of algorithm design is coupled early on with hardware design to allow for a complete design space exploration. Both the specification and the transformation mechanisms are encoded in a functional notation, called form, which(More)
Manganese plays a central role in cellular detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Therefore, manganese acquisition is considered to be important for bacterial pathogenesis by counteracting the oxidative burst of phagocytic cells during host infection. However, detailed analysis of the interplay between bacterial manganese acquisition and(More)
UNLABELLED The type I signal peptidase of Staphylococcus aureus, SpsB, is an attractive antibacterial target because it is essential for viability and extracellularly accessible. We synthesized compound 103, a novel arylomycin-derived inhibitor of SpsB with significant potency against various clinical S. aureus strains (MIC of ~1 µg/ml). The predominant(More)
ae aeWe present a hardware/software codesign methodology using formal transformations. The goal is to refine a given function specification of a task to an operational structure involving both hardware and software components. The refinement process is separated into two levels, the algorithmic and the structural. Within each level, refinement is(More)
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