Tommy Gallagher

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Currently, spectrophotometric standard reference materials are calibrated only by using the illumination and viewing geometries recommended by the Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage, and for some geometries the spectral range is limited to the visible wavelengths. A need exists for procedures that calibrate standards at many other geometries and for a(More)
Although strong fluorescence makes the R-phycoerythrin (R-PE) proteins increasingly useful in biological and clinical assays, they are subject to nonlinear effects including transitions to collective dark states and photodegradation, which complicate quantitative applications. We report measurements of R-PE fluorescence intensity as a function of incident(More)
Most research on the genetics of invasive plant species has focused on analyzing spatial differences among existing populations. Using a long-established Gunnera tinctoria population from Ireland, we evaluated the potential of using plants derived from seeds associated with different soil layers to track genetic variation through time. This species and site(More)
The structure of the pyruvoyl-dependent histidine decarboxylase has been refined to 2.5 A resolution by the methods of x-ray crystallography from crystals grown at pH 4.8, where the enzyme is optimally active. Models of the active site with and without the bound substrate analog, histidine methyl ester (HisOMe), or the product, histamine, have been(More)
The crystal structure of the pyruvoyl-dependent histidine decarboxylase from Lactobacillus 30a has been refined to an R-value of 0.15 (for the 5.0 to 2.5 A resolution shell) and 0.17 (for the 10.0 to 2.5 A resolution shell). A description of the overall structure is presented, focusing on secondary structure and subunit association. The enzyme is a hexamer(More)
The growing economic and ecological damage associated with biological invasions, which will likely be exacerbated by climate change, necessitates improved projections of invasive spread. Generally, potential changes in species distribution are investigated using climate envelope models; however, the reliability of such models has been questioned and they(More)
While there is evidence that the genetic structure of invasive populations may be distinct from native populations, it has proved difficult to establish the causes of any variation owing in part to the range of evolutionary processes involved. In order to assess differences in the genetic structure of invasive populations of Gunnera tinctoria, five native(More)
The crystal structures of the dipotassium and the mixed sodium/potassium picrate complexes with the crown ether dibenzo-24-crown-8 (DB24C8) were solved and found to be nearly identical. (I): NaK-pic2(DB24C8), [NaK(C6H2N3O7)2(C24H32O8)]. Mr = 966.8, triclinic, P1, a = 8.164 (2), b = 9.960 (2), c = 13.368 (3) A, alpha = 103.92 (3), beta = 108.03 (2), gamma =(More)
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