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Caspase-3 knockout mice exhibit thickening of the internal granule cell layer of the cerebellum. Concurrently, it has been shown that intracerebral injection of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) induces a transient increase of the thickness of the cerebellar cortex. In the present study, we have investigated the possible effect of(More)
Oxidative stress, resulting from accumulation of reactive oxygen species, plays a critical role in neuronal cell death associated with neurodegenerative diseases and stroke. In the present study, we have investigated the potential neuroprotective effect of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis.(More)
Alcohol exposure during development can cause brain malformations and neurobehavioral abnormalities. In view of the teratogenicity of ethanol, identification of molecules that could counteract the neurotoxic effects of alcohol deserves high priority. Here, we report that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) can prevent the deleterious(More)
The sphingolipid metabolites, ceramides, are critical mediators of the cellular stress response and play an important role in the control of programmed cell death. In particular, ceramides have been shown to induce apoptosis of cerebellar granule cells. We show that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) prevents C2-ceramide-induced(More)
The cardiovascular activity of neurohypophyseal peptides has been investigated in conscious trout bearing an intracerebroventricular guide cannula and a permanent intraarterial catheter. Changes in diastolic pressure, systolic pressure and heart rate were monitored during the 25-min period following intracerebroventricular or intraarterial administration of(More)
The central effect of angiotensin II on cardiovascular activity has been investigated in conscious trout bearing an intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) cannula and an intra-arterial catheter. I.c.v. injection of the angiotensin II agonist [Asn1,Val5]AII (6.2-50 pmol) induced a dose-dependent increase in heart rate and arterial blood pressure. Central(More)
During development of the rat cerebellum, PAC1 receptors are transiently expressed by neuroblasts of the external granule cell layer (EGL). We have previously shown that PACAP is a potent stimulator of granule cell survival in vitro. In the study reported in this paper, we have investigated the effect of PACAP on the development of the rat cerebellar cortex(More)
Responses of heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) were examined following microinjection of angiotensin II ([Asn1,Val5]AI) within the dorsal vagal motor nucleus (DVN) of the conscious trout's brainstem. AII (15-125 fmol) preferentially and significantly increased HR in a dose-dependent manner, but the rise in MABP was not dose-dependent(More)
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