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BACKGROUND Midazolam is used widely as a sedative to facilitate mechanical ventilation. This prospective study investigated the population pharmacokinetics of midazolam in very premature infants. METHODS Midazolam (100 microg/kg) was administered as a rapid intravenous bolus dose every 4-6 h to 60 very premature neonates with a mean (range) gestational(More)
The population pharmacokinetics of amoxicillin were determined in 40 very premature infants (< or = 32 week gestational age, < 1500 g birth weight) who were receiving intravenous amoxicillin (50 mg/ kg, every 12 h) during the first days after birth. Serum amoxicillin concentrations were measured by HPLC. Clearance (CL) and volume of distribution (Vd) were(More)
AIMS Impaired S-mephenytoin 4'-hydroxylation is a well-described genetic polymorphism affecting drug metabolism in humans. Although ethnic differences in its distribution of polymorphism has been described, it is not known whether there is an ethnic heterogeneity of the structure and expression of the CYP2C19 enzyme in the Malaysian population. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effectiveness of three dosing regimens of caffeine for preterm infants in the periextubation period. METHODS A randomized double-blind clinical trial of three dosing regimens of caffeine citrate (3, 15 and 30 mg/kg) for periextubation management of ventilated preterm infants was undertaken. Infants born <32 weeks gestation who(More)
OBJECTIVE The study the population pharmacokinetics of caffeine after intravenous administration to premature infants with apnea. METHODS A prospective, blinded parallel study in which daily caffeine citrate doses of 30, 15, and 3 mg/kg were administered over 7 days by intermittent intravenous infusion. Arterial blood samples (three to six per patient)(More)
1. Theophylline is commonly used in neonatology for the treatment and prophylaxis of apnoea of prematurity, and during ventilator weaning. 2. NONMEM was used to study the population pharmacokinetics of intravenous and oral theophylline from retrospective drug monitoring data in 82 premature neonates, weighing < 1500 g at birth, and < or = 32 weeks(More)
AIMS Small reference vessel diameter predicts adverse outcomes following coronary stenting. TAXUS Express and TAXUS Liberté paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) reduce restenosis compared to bare metal stents (BMS) in small diameter vessels. TAXUS Element is a novel thin-strut, platinum chromium stent designed to enhance visibility, conformability, and drug(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of intravenous midazolam on haemodynamic variables and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) and to determine the pharmacokinetics using a population approach in very low birthweight (VLBW) ventilated infants. METHODOLOGY Physiological variables were measured at predetermined times in 10 infants with birthweight < or = 1500(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate, using quantitative arteriography, whether the diameter of visually normal coronary segments might be influenced by the relative proximity of visually apparent disease. BACKGROUND Severity of coronary artery lesions is commonly referenced against a presumed normal nearby coronary segment with the(More)
Caffeine is a potentially useful alternative to theophylline for the treatment and prevention of apnea of prematurity because of its lower toxicity and longer terminal half-life. Monitoring of salivary caffeine concentrations is less invasive than blood sampling, especially in very sick premature neonates. Caffeine citrate-3 mg/kg, 15 mg/kg, or 30 mg/kg-was(More)