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The human body is colonized by a vast array of bacteria whose diversity is largely affected by predation of bacteriophages. Here, we discussed the impact of bacteriophages on the composition of human intestinal microbiota as well as on the survival and thus efficacy of probiotic bacteria in the human gut.
Plasma alpha-tocopherol (AT) concentrations are inversely related to cardiovascular (CV) risk; however, intervention studies with AT have failed to show any consistent benefit against CV disease (CVD). Proteomics offers the opportunity to examine novel effects of AT supplementation on protein expression and therefore improve our understanding of the… (More)
Microbiological developments during industrial meat fermentations (salami), made with and without commercial starter cultures, were followed at two factories in Germany and Italy. In the German product microbial growth was evident only for the first 48 h, followed by a gradual decline in numbers of most micro-organisms. The pH fell from 5.8 to 4.8 in the 28… (More)
Twenty-nine strains of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and 15 strains of Streptococcus thermophilus were tested for resistance to 35 antimicrobial agents by using commercially available sensitivity disks. Approximately 35% of the isolates had uncharacteristic resistance patterns.
Fourteen strains of Bifidobacterium longum were tested for phage production with UV and mitomycin C as inducing agents. Only four strains released phage-like particles; of these four strains, two harbour plasmids, while two are apparently plasmid free. The induced phages have heads of dimensions ranging from 49 to 56 nm and tails from 76 to 268 nm long. No… (More)
Indigenous Australians experience a significant health burden from chronic hepatitis B infection; however, the strain of hepatitis B virus (HBV) found among Indigenous Australians has not been well characterized. Blood samples were collected from 65 Indigenous Australians with chronic HBV infection from across the Top End of Australia's Northern Territory.… (More)
Some industrial preparations from milk, such as yogurt, contain bifidobacteria as an additional probiotic element. The acidic environment of these products affects the viability of the bifidobacteria. The survival in acidic environment of one-hundred and ten bifidobacterial strains from human habitat was tested.
Electron microscopic examination of samples of Swiss wine, collected during the malolactic fermentation, revealed the presence of bacteriophages of three different morphological types. It is interesting to note that these phages have been found in a product whose pH is lower than 3.5.
The qualitative and quantitative abilities of phages of 13 strains of thermophilic lactic bacteria (lactobacilli and streptococci) to produce plaques on six different media were studied. The influence of the addition of calcium on the one hand, and of incubation conditions (aero-anaerobiosis), on the other hand, was also examined. For the phages of… (More)