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Ultrafast electroencephalographic signals, having frequencies above 500 Hz, can be observed in somatosensory evoked potential measurements. Usually, these recordings have a poor signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) because weak signals are overlaid by intrinsic noise of much higher amplitude like that generated by biological sources and the amplifier. As an example,(More)
OBJECTIVE Median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) contain a brief oscillatory wavelet burst at about 600 Hz (σ-burst) superimposed on the initial cortical component (N20). While invasive single-cell recordings suggested that this burst is generated by increased neuronal spiking activity in area 3b, recent non-invasive scalp recordings could not(More)
Previous studies demonstrated the presence of Monochromatic Ultra-Slow Oscillations (MUSO) in human EEG. In the present study we explored the biological origin of MUSO by simultaneous recordings of EEG, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS), arterial blood pressure, respiration and Laser Doppler flowmetry. We used a head-up tilt test in order to check whether(More)
OBJECTIVE Scalp-derived human somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) contain high-frequency oscillations (600 Hz; 'sigma-burst') reflecting concomitant bursts of spike responses in primary somatosensory cortex that repeat regularly at 600 Hz. Notably, recent human intracranial SEP have revealed also 1 kHz responses ('kappa-burst'), possibly reflecting(More)
Non-invasive EEG detection of very high frequency somatosensory evoked potentials featuring frequencies up to and above 1 kHz has been recently reported. Here, we establish the detectability of such components by combined low-noise EEG/MEG. We recorded SEP/SEF simultaneously using median nerve stimulation in five healthy human subjects inside an(More)
QUESTION Human high-frequency (>400 Hz) components of somatosensory evoked potentials (hf-SEPs), which can be recorded non-invasively at the scalp, are generated by cortical population spikes, as inferred from microelectrode recordings in non-human primates. It is a critical limitation to broader neurophysiological study of hf-SEPs in that hundreds of(More)
BACKGROUND Non-invasively recorded somatosensory high-frequency oscillations (sHFOs) evoked by electric nerve stimulation are markers of human cortical population spikes. Previously, their analysis was based on massive averaging of EEG responses. Advanced neurotechnology and optimized off-line analysis can enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of sHFOs,(More)
While variability of the motor responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is widely acknowledged, little is known about its central origin. One plausible explanation for such variability may relate to different neuronal states defining the reactivity of the cortex to TMS. In this study intrinsic spatio-temporal neuronal dynamics were estimated(More)
Non-invasively recorded averaged event-related potentials (ERP) represent a convenient opportunity to investigate human brain perceptive and cognitive processes. Nevertheless, generative ERP mechanisms are still debated. Two previous approaches have been contested in the past: the added-energy model in which the response raises independently from the(More)
Inter- and intra-subject variability of the motor evoked potentials (MEPs) to TMS is a well-known phenomenon. Although a possible link between this variability and ongoing brain oscillations was demonstrated, the results of the studies are not consistent with each other. Exploring this topic further is important since the modulation of MEPs provides unique(More)