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Host resistance against Listeria monocytogenes, a facultative intracellular pathogen, is controlled by cell-mediated immunity and regulated by endogenous cytokines. Some cytokines can be divided into two groups, namely, T-helper 1 (Th1)-derived cytokines and Th2-derived cytokines, which regulate the action and production of each other (22). L. monocytogenes(More)
Human skin fibroblasts were cultured in the presence of 4-methylumbelliferone, an inhibitor of hyaluronan synthesis. Gelatinolytic activity excreted in the medium was examined by zymography and gelatinase assay using a fluorogenic substrate. 4-Methylumbelliferone added to the medium activated the latent form of matrix metalloproteinase-2 in a dose- and(More)
Several studies have suggested that flavan-3-ols/procyanidins are associated with a reduced risk of developing obesity and metabolic syndrome. However, the role of highly polymeric procyanidins (PP), which are major non-absorbable flavonoids, in the biological effects, is not completely understood. Here, we show that 0.5% PP administration for 20 weeks(More)
Fish produce mucus substances as a defensive outer barrier against environmental xenobiotics and predators. Recently, we found a bioactive protein in the mucus layer of the flounder Platichthys stellatus, which showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus. In this study, we(More)
Various epidemiologic and experimental in vivo and in vitro studies have suggested that polyphenols derived from fruits, vegetables and beverages might decrease the risk of developing lifestyle diseases, such as cardiovascular disorders and cancer. Apples are a major dietary source of polyphenols. Here we investigated the antitumor activity of apple(More)
Fish produce mucus substances as a defensive outer barrier against several bacterial infections. We have recently identified an antibacterial l-amino acid oxidase (psLAAO1) in the mucus layer of the flounder Platichthys stellate. In this study, the antibacterial protein psLAAO1 was expressed as a secretory bioactive recombinant protein in the methylotrophic(More)
The liquid crystal compounds have a common structure with the cell membrane, having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic residue, thus suggesting an affinity to the cell membrane. However, little information regarding a biological effect by liquid crystal compounds has been reported. In order to view the biological potential of liquid crystal compounds, the(More)
Spiroleptosphol B (2), spiroleptosphol C (3), norleptosphol C (4) and hydroleptosphol (5) were isolated from ascomycete Leptosphaeria doliolum. Detailed (1)H and (13)C NMR spectral analyses revealed these were structural analogues of spiroleptosphol (1) which we have recently isolated from the same fungi. Spiroleptosphol B (2) carried an unprecedent(More)
Ionizing radiation (IR) causes DNA injury and induces multiple signal mechanisms, including the regulation of DNA repair, the cell cycle and gene expression through the activation of p53-related pathways. Cis-natural antisense transcripts (cis-NATs), which are transcribed from the DNA strand opposite to that for mRNA of the gene, are recognized as important(More)
Two novel multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) assays were originally developed for detecting nine targeted virulence-associated genes of five categorized diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC). The mPCR assay 1 included five primer sets (stx1, eaeA, invE, STp gene, and astA), and assay 2 included four primer sets (stx2, aggR, STh gene, and LT gene).(More)