Tomisato Miura

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Fish produce mucus substances as a defensive outer barrier against environmental xenobiotics and predators. Recently, we found a bioactive protein in the mucus layer of the flounder Platichthys stellatus, which showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus. In this study, we(More)
The production and roles of endogenous interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-10 in a sublethal infection with Listeria monocytogenes were studied in normal mice and anti-gamma interferon (IFN-g) monoclonal antibody (MAb)pretreated mice. In normal mice, the expression of mRNAs for IL-4 and IL-10, which was amplified by reverse transcription-PCR, was induced in the(More)
Several studies have suggested that flavan-3-ols/procyanidins are associated with a reduced risk of developing obesity and metabolic syndrome. However, the role of highly polymeric procyanidins (PP), which are major non-absorbable flavonoids, in the biological effects, is not completely understood. Here, we show that 0.5% PP administration for 20 weeks(More)
Various epidemiologic and experimental in vivo and in vitro studies have suggested that polyphenols derived from fruits, vegetables and beverages might decrease the risk of developing lifestyle diseases, such as cardiovascular disorders and cancer. Apples are a major dietary source of polyphenols. Here we investigated the antitumor activity of apple(More)
Fish produce mucus substances as a defensive outer barrier against several bacterial infections. We have recently identified an antibacterial l-amino acid oxidase (psLAAO1) in the mucus layer of the flounder Platichthys stellate. In this study, the antibacterial protein psLAAO1 was expressed as a secretory bioactive recombinant protein in the methylotrophic(More)
The liquid crystal compounds have a common structure with the cell membrane, having both a hydrophilic and hydrophobic residue, thus suggesting an affinity to the cell membrane. However, little information regarding a biological effect by liquid crystal compounds has been reported. In order to view the biological potential of liquid crystal compounds, the(More)
Calyculin A-induced premature chromosome condensation (PCC) assay is a simple and useful method to assess structural and numerical chromosome aberrations in cells. Our hypothesis in this study is that suboptimum calyculin A induction of PCC resulting in fuzzy compactness and/or shortened length chromosomes would decrease the detection sensitivity of(More)
Ionizing radiation (IR) causes DNA injury and induces multiple signal mechanisms, including the regulation of DNA repair, the cell cycle and gene expression through the activation of p53-related pathways. Cis-natural antisense transcripts (cis-NATs), which are transcribed from the DNA strand opposite to that for mRNA of the gene, are recognized as important(More)
The aly is a unique spontaneous autosomal recessive mutation in mice that causes a systemic defect of lymph nodes and Peyer's patches and disorganized splenic and thymic structures with immunodeficiency. Our previous study demonstrated that resistance to Listeria monocytogenes infection and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production are attenuated in the(More)
Spiroleptosphol B (2), spiroleptosphol C (3), norleptosphol C (4) and hydroleptosphol (5) were isolated from ascomycete Leptosphaeria doliolum. Detailed (1)H and (13)C NMR spectral analyses revealed these were structural analogues of spiroleptosphol (1) which we have recently isolated from the same fungi. Spiroleptosphol B (2) carried an unprecedent(More)