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AIM Recent neuroimaging studies have suggested that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has an important role in the pathology of panic disorder. Despite numerous functional neuroimaging studies that have elucidated the strong relationship between functional abnormalities of the ACC and panic disorder and its symptoms and response to emotional tasks(More)
AIMS Anxiety a core feature of panic disorder, is linked to function of the amygdala. Volume alterations in the brain of patients with panic disorder have previously been reported, but there has been no report of amygdala volume association with anxiety. METHODS Volumes of hippocampus and amygdala were manually measured using magnetic resonance imaging(More)
UNLABELLED In Alzheimer's disease (AD), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the posterior cingulate gyri and precunei has been reported to decrease even at a very early stage. It may be helpful to use statistical image analysis to distinguish slight decreases in rCBF in this area. We compared a 3-dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP)(More)
In a rat model of unilateral hindpaw inflammation, it is unclear whether the coeruleospinal modulation system is active at spinal segments distant from the inflamed plantar region, such as the cervical segments. To clarify this query, in the present study we measured paw withdrawal latency (PWL) to thermal stimuli on four paws (both forepaws and both(More)
We previously have shown that forebrain inputs increase responses of amiloride-sensitive NaCl-best neurons to the conditioned stimulus (CS) in the rat parabrachial nucleus (PBN) after the establishment of conditioned taste aversion (CTA) to NaCl. In the present study, we examined the effects of aversively-conditioned NaCl taste stimulation on Fos-like(More)
While clinical features of panic disorder show significant sexual dimorphism, previous structural MRI studies have not sufficiently controlled for sex when looking at regional brain abnormalities in panic disorder. Using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), regional gray matter volume was compared between 24 patients (male/female: 9/15) with panic(More)
In a previous study, we showed in rats that axons of some locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus (LC/SC) neurons involved in coeruleospinal modulation of nociception descend through the ipsilateral side of the spinal cord and cross the midline at spinal segmental levels. The present study was designed to investigate a possible spinal pathway of these descending axons(More)
Behavioral and neurochemical studies have shown that the coeruleospinal modulation system is activated by peripheral inflammation, and that this modulation system is active in only the dorsal horn ipsilateral, but not in the dorsal horn contralateral, to the site of inflammation; the present study was designed to confirm electrophysiologically this previous(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine whether the nucleus locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus (LC/SC) modulates visceromotor function. In the present study, an electromyogram (EMG) of the external abdominal oblique muscle evoked by colorectal distention was measured as a visceromotor reflex response, and inhibitory effects of LC/SC stimulation were estimated(More)
Statistical analysis in neuroimaging (referred to as “neurostatistical imaging”) is important in clinical neurology. Here, neurostatistical imaging and its superiority for diagnosing dementia are reviewed. In neurodegenerative dementia, the proportional distribution of brain perfusion, metabolism, or atrophy is important for understanding the symptoms and(More)