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UNLABELLED In Alzheimer's disease (AD), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the posterior cingulate gyri and precunei has been reported to decrease even at a very early stage. It may be helpful to use statistical image analysis to distinguish slight decreases in rCBF in this area. We compared a 3-dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP)(More)
In a rat model of unilateral hindpaw inflammation, it is unclear whether the coeruleospinal modulation system is active at spinal segments distant from the inflamed plantar region, such as the cervical segments. To clarify this query, in the present study we measured paw withdrawal latency (PWL) to thermal stimuli on four paws (both forepaws and both(More)
We previously have shown that forebrain inputs increase responses of amiloride-sensitive NaCl-best neurons to the conditioned stimulus (CS) in the rat parabrachial nucleus (PBN) after the establishment of conditioned taste aversion (CTA) to NaCl. In the present study, we examined the effects of aversively-conditioned NaCl taste stimulation on Fos-like(More)
The chorda tympani nerve, supplying the anterior two-thirds of the tongue, contains gustatory and mechanosensitive afferent fibers. We have analyzed discharge patterns in rats of various fibers recorded from dissected nerve filaments during licking behavior of which 4 were taste-sensitive and 12 mechanosensitive. The incidence of these two types were(More)
Visceral nociceptive signals are the subject of descending modulation from the locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus (LC/SC). We have recently found dorsal horn neurons whose visceral nociceptive responses are not inhibited by the descending LC/SC system (LC/SC-unaffected neurons) in the rat. The aim of the present study was to estimate a possible role of(More)
The air-puff startle is an example of a simple behavior in mammals. Following the startle reaction, rats assume a defensive-like, immobile posture (DIP) of approximately 2-5 s in length. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of bilateral lesions of the nucleus locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus (LC/SC) on the DIP. Using male Sprague-Dawley rats,(More)
AIM Recent neuroimaging studies have suggested that the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has an important role in the pathology of panic disorder. Despite numerous functional neuroimaging studies that have elucidated the strong relationship between functional abnormalities of the ACC and panic disorder and its symptoms and response to emotional tasks(More)
While clinical features of panic disorder show significant sexual dimorphism, previous structural MRI studies have not sufficiently controlled for sex when looking at regional brain abnormalities in panic disorder. Using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), regional gray matter volume was compared between 24 patients (male/female: 9/15) with panic(More)
AIMS Anxiety a core feature of panic disorder, is linked to function of the amygdala. Volume alterations in the brain of patients with panic disorder have previously been reported, but there has been no report of amygdala volume association with anxiety. METHODS Volumes of hippocampus and amygdala were manually measured using magnetic resonance imaging(More)
The role of oral and facial sensory receptors in the control of masticatory muscle activities was assessed from the effect of acute deafferentiation on cortically induced rhythmic jaw movements (CRJMs) in anesthetized rabbits. When a thin polyurethane-foam strip (1.5, 2.5 or 3.5 mm thick) was placed between opposing molars during CRJMs, masseteric(More)