Tomio Furuta

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Genetic and embryological experiments have established the Caenorhabditis elegans adult hermaphrodite gonad as a paradigm for studying the control of germline development and the role of soma-germline interactions. We describe ultrastructural features relating to essential germline events and the soma-germline interactions upon which they depend, as(More)
Here we show that emb-30 is required for metaphase-to-anaphase transitions during meiosis and mitosis in Caenorhabditis elegans. Germline-specific emb-30 mutant alleles block the meiotic divisions. Mutant oocytes, fertilized by wild-type sperm, set up a meiotic spindle but do not progress to anaphase I. As a result, polar bodies are not produced, pronuclei(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans, specialized contractile myoepithelial cells of the somatic gonad, the gonadal sheath cells, are closely apposed to oocytes and are required for normal meiotic maturation and ovulation. Previously we found that mutations in the ceh-18 gene, which encodes a POU-class homeoprotein expressed in sheath cells, result in oocyte defects.(More)
The antitumor effects of the camptothecin (CPT) derivative CPT-11, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-l-piperidino]-carbonyloxycamptothecin, were tested on human tumor xenografts in nude mice. CPT-11 showed antitumor activity higher than that of Adriamycin, 5-fluorouracil, or futraful, with little or no reduction of body weight being observed in the mice. The(More)
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) confers resistance to anticancer drugs such as 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38, an active metabolite of irinotecan), mitoxantrone, and topotecan. In this study, we examined the reversing effects of YHO-13177, a novel acrylonitrile derivative, and its water-soluble diethylaminoacetate prodrug YHO-13351 on(More)
The antitumor effect of IHL-305, a novel pegylated liposome containing irinotecan, was investigated in human xenograft models. After subcutaneous transplantation of several human cancer cell lines (colorectal, non-small cell lung, small cell lung, prostate, ovarian and gastric cancer cells) to nude mice, IHL-305 or CPT-11(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the efficacy of combination therapy with irinotecan and amrubicin for lung cancer and the influence of administration schedule in a xenograft mouse model and human cancer cell culture. We investigated the antitumor activity of irinotecan and amrubicin on human small cell lung cancer cell line LX-1 inoculated in mice in(More)
Pneumocystis carinii (Pc) infection was observed in three of five rhesus monkeys infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac251). They showed severe symptoms similar to those associated with human acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Histopathology revealed severe pulmonary pneumocystosis in one of three Pc-positive monkeys, and anti-Pc(More)
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) confers resistance to anticancer drugs such as 7-ethyl-10hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38, an active metabolite of irinotecan), mitoxantrone, and topotecan. In this study, we examined the reversing effects of YHO-13177, a novel acrylonitrile derivative, and its water-soluble diethylaminoacetate prodrug YHO-13351 on(More)
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