Tomiichiro Oda

Learn More
The intracellular pathway following receptor-mediated endocytosis of cholera toxin was studied using brefeldin A (BFA), which inhibited protein secretion and induced dramatic morphological changes in the Golgi region. In both mouse Y1 adrenal cells and CHO cells, BFA at 1 micrograms/ml caused a 80-90% inhibition of the cholera toxin (CT)-induced elevation(More)
G protein-coupled receptor 84 (GPR84) is a putative receptor for medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs), whose pathophysiological roles have not yet been clarified. Here, we show that GPR84 was activated by MCFAs with the hydroxyl group at the 2- or 3-position more effectively than nonhydroxylated MCFAs. We also identified a surrogate agonist,(More)
Fibril formation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) is considered to be responsible for the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Abeta fibril is formed by a protein misfolding process in which intermolecular beta-sheet interactions become stabilized abnormally. Thus, to develop potential anti-AD drugs, we screened an in-house library to find compounds(More)
In the Alzheimer disease (AD) brain, senile plaques contain several proteins and cytokines, such as beta-amyloid protein (A beta), interleukin 1, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1), and apolipoprotein E, which may contribute to the process of neurodegeneration. Clusterin is also known to colocalize with A beta deposits in neuritic plaques.(More)
beta-Amyloid peptide is the principal protein in the senile plaques of Alzheimer's disease and is considered to be responsible for the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Several studies have shown that beta-amyloid is cytotoxic, using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) as an indicator of viability in cells. Utilizing the MTT(More)
Human enbryo cells were successively transformed by the Schmidt-Ruppin strain of Rous sarcoma virus (SR-RSV) and simian virus 40 (SV40) in vitro, and the double transformant HuE 13 RS was established. From this cell line the two clonal cell lines RSa and RSb were isolated. In both, presence of SV40 T antigens was demonstrated by the fluorescent antibody(More)
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta), a major component of senile plaques, the formation of which is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is believed to induce inflammation in the brain leading to cell loss and cognitive decline. Accumulating evidence shows Abeta activates microglia, which play the role of the brain's immune system, and mediates inflammatory(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammation may play an important part in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. Inflammation itself, however, is insufficient to produce acute neurodegeneration in vivo. In this report, we determined whether inflammation increases excitotoxicity in hippocampal neurons. A proinflammagen, bacterial(More)
Both excitotoxicity and apoptosis contribute to neuronal loss in various neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease as well as stroke, and a drug inhibiting both types of cell death may lead to practical treatment for these diseases. Post-treatment with troglitazone, a potent and specific activator of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor(More)
beta-Amyloid peptide (A beta), a major component of senile plaques, the formation of which is characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is believed to induce inflammation of the brain mediated by microglia, leading to neuronal cell loss. In this study, we performed an oligonucleotide microarray analysis to investigate the molecular events underlying the A(More)