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BK polyomavirus (BKV) is ubiquitous in the human population, infecting children without obvious symptoms, and persisting in the kidney in a latent state. In immunosuppressed patients, BKV is reactivated and excreted in urine. BKV isolates have been classified into four subtypes (I-IV) using either serological or genotyping methods. To elucidate the subtypes(More)
To assess whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) participate in impaired water excretion in patients with hypothyroid states (HS), an oral acute water loading (WL) test (20 ml/kg.BW/45 min) was performed before and after L-thyroxine (T4) treatment in 5 hypothyroid patients. Plasma ANP, AVP, osmolality (Posm), total protein(More)
The mechanism of te development of hemodialysis hyperlipidemia was investigated in uremic patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Hemodialysis treatment lost large amounts of carnitine from blood into the dialysate fluid, resulting in the reduction in serum concentration of carnitine. After the treatments were repeated for more than 12 months, the serum(More)
BACKGROUND Extended-release tacrolimus (TAC-ER) was developed to provide a more convenient treatment compliance and improve safety by avoiding toxic peak levels. We prospectively evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a 1:1 dose switch from twice-daily tacrolimus to once-daily TAC-ER in stable kidney transplant recipients and assessed their satisfaction(More)
The O-glycan branching enzyme, core2 β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT), forms O-glycans containing an N-acetylglucosamine branch connected to N-acetylgalactosamine (core2 O-glycans) on cell-surface glycoproteins. Here, we report that upregulation of C2GnT is closely correlated with progression of bladder tumours and that C2GnT-expressing bladder(More)
AIM We investigated the parameters related to the progression of common carotid artery intima media thickness (IMT) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS IMT was examined in 85 patients by ultrasonography at baseline and after 12 months. The difference in IMT between these two time points was calculated (DeltaIMT). We defined DeltaIMT< or =0.00 as(More)
BACKGROUND Imaging performed 36-48 h after metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) injection is being widely used in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. However, there are some difficult cases to diagnose due to a high concentration of MIBG remaining in the background. We studied the significance of scans on the 7th day after MIBG injection when the concentration of(More)
Core 2 β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT) forms an N-acetylglucosamine branch in O-glycans (core 2 O-glycans) of cell surface glycoproteins. C2GnT-expressing bladder tumors acquire highly metastatic phenotypes by surviving longer in host blood circulation. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying this increased survival remain unclear. In this(More)