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BK polyomavirus (BKV) is ubiquitous in the human population, infecting children without obvious symptoms, and persisting in the kidney in a latent state. In immunosuppressed patients, BKV is reactivated and excreted in urine. BKV isolates have been classified into four subtypes (I-IV) using either serological or genotyping methods. To elucidate the subtypes(More)
To assess whether atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) participate in impaired water excretion in patients with hypothyroid states (HS), an oral acute water loading (WL) test (20 ml/kg.BW/45 min) was performed before and after L-thyroxine (T4) treatment in 5 hypothyroid patients. Plasma ANP, AVP, osmolality (Posm), total protein(More)
The O-glycan branching enzyme, core2 β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT), forms O-glycans containing an N-acetylglucosamine branch connected to N-acetylgalactosamine (core2 O-glycans) on cell-surface glycoproteins. Here, we report that upregulation of C2GnT is closely correlated with progression of bladder tumours and that C2GnT-expressing bladder(More)
BACKGROUND Extended-release tacrolimus (TAC-ER) was developed to provide a more convenient treatment compliance and improve safety by avoiding toxic peak levels. We prospectively evaluated the safety and effectiveness of a 1:1 dose switch from twice-daily tacrolimus to once-daily TAC-ER in stable kidney transplant recipients and assessed their satisfaction(More)
Core 2 β-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GnT) forms an N-acetylglucosamine branch in O-glycans (core 2 O-glycans) of cell surface glycoproteins. C2GnT-expressing bladder tumors acquire highly metastatic phenotypes by surviving longer in host blood circulation. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying this increased survival remain unclear. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Bixalomer (BXL) was developed to improve gastrointestinal symptoms and reduce constipation, relative to sevelamer hydrochloride, in hemodialysis patients. We prospectively evaluated the safety and effectiveness of switching maintenance dialysis patients from sevelamer hydrochloride to BXL. METHODS Twenty-eight patients were switched from(More)
The oral adsorbent AST-120 has the potential to delay dialysis initiation and improve survival of patients on dialysis. We evaluated the effect of AST-120 on dialysis initiation and its potential to improve survival in patients with chronic kidney disease. The present retrospective pair-matched study included 560 patients, grouped according to whether or(More)
To assess the central role of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1 beta) in the release of ACTH, vasopressin (AVP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and in the regulation of blood pressure and thermogenesis, 3 ng (0.173 pM) x 100-1 x BW-1 (LIL), 30 ng (1.73 pM) x 100g-1 x BW-1 (MIL), and 150 ng (8.63 pM) x 100g-1 x BW-1 (HIL) of human IL-1 beta dissolved in sterile(More)
Hypoxic encephalopathy and osmotic demyelination are independent clinical entities. We describe a rare case with these two complications as demonstrated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A 58-year-old woman had adrenal crises twice a decade due to Sheehan syndrome. At the second crisis, hyponatremia was remarkable with consciousness disturbance which was(More)
Decreases in blood pressure are well known to increase the release of vasopressin. Studies were carried out to investigate whether vasopressin responses to postural changes in blood pressure are maintained in diabetic patients with orthostatic hypotension [DM-OH(+)] as well as non-diabetic patients with orthostatic hypotension [nonDM-OH(+)] and these(More)