Tomihiro Kamiya

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In young postnatal individuals, brain growth proceeds at a much faster rate in the high seas dolphin Stenella than in the coastal waters form Pontoporia, and the encephalization is much higher in the former than in the latter. In prenatal Stenella, brain growth is also very rapid. These results agree with indices of brain progression estimated for several(More)
The cellular mechanisms involved in the development of silicosis have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to examine influence of silica-induced lung injury on autophagy. Suspensions of crystalline silica particles were administered transnasally to C57BL/6j mice. Immunohistochemical examination for Fas and p62 protein expression was performed using(More)
The authors designed an elemental analysis system using an ion microbeam combined with a microparticle-induced X-ray emission (micro-PIXE) method for the analysis of biomedical samples in air with a spatial resolution of 1 microm (in-air micro-PIXE system). This system was used to develop an imaging and quantification method for intracellular(More)
Cisplatin is a key chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of esophageal cancer. We examined the intracellular localization of cisplatin in esophageal cancer cell lines and determined their sensitivity to cisplatin using in-air micro-PIXE (particle induced X-ray emission). Two human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines, TE-2 and TE-13, were(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease occurred by idiopathic (autoimmune) or secondary to particle inhalation. The in-air microparticle induced X-ray emission (in-air micro-PIXE) system performs elemental analysis of materials by irradiation with a proton microbeam, and allows visualization of the spatial distribution and(More)
Interstitial pneumonia develops in association with inhaled particles. In-air microparticle induced X-ray emission (in-air micro) analysis was previously employed to assess the spatial distribution and content of particles in surgical lung biopsy specimens. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of in-air micro-analysis for transbronchial lung(More)
A new external ion-beam system was developed and combined with a light ion-microbeam system in JAERI Takasaki. The system is designed for micro-particle-induced X-ray emission analysis of biological samples in air environment with 1 Μm spatial resolution. One of the most serious problems in keeping such a high spatial resolution is multiple scattering in a(More)
This study undertook the analysis of tissue cadmium (Cd) distribution using in-air micro-particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and the examination of the involvement of metal ions in parenteral Cd toxicity. A mouse was injected intraperitoneally with 3 mg/kg body weight of CdCl2 thrice weekly. After 27 wk, the liver and kidney were excised and fixed in 10%(More)
PURPOSE The effect of alginate-hyaluronate microcapsules that release carboplatin in response to radiation was improved by adding ascorbic acid (AA). MATERIALS AND METHODS Four measures of the effectiveness of the microcapsules were evaluated: 1) release of carboplatin in response to radiation in vitro and in vivo; 2) detectability of their accumulation(More)
We describe a new method for estimating the beam range in heavy-ion radiation therapy by measuring the ion beam bremsstrahlung. We experimentally confirm that the secondary electron bremsstrahlung process provides the dominant bremsstrahlung contribution. A Monte Carlo simulation shows that the number of background photons from annihilation gamma rays is(More)