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SIRT6 is a member of a highly conserved family of NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases with various roles in metabolism, stress resistance, and life span. SIRT6-deficient mice develop normally but succumb to a lethal hypoglycemia early in life; however, the mechanism underlying this hypoglycemia remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that SIRT6 functions as a(More)
The mechanisms that regulate pancreatic beta cell mass are poorly understood. While autoimmune and pharmacological destruction of insulin-producing beta cells is often irreversible, adult beta cell mass does fluctuate in response to physiological cues including pregnancy and insulin resistance. This plasticity points to the possibility of harnessing the(More)
The regulated phosphorylation of ribosomal protein (rp) S6 has attracted much attention since its discovery in 1974, yet its physiological role has remained obscure. To directly address this issue, we have established viable and fertile knock-in mice, whose rpS6 contains alanine substitutions at all five phosphorylatable serine residues (rpS6(P-/-)). Here(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) were shown to be important for pancreas development, yet their roles in differentiated β-cells remain unclear. Here, we show that miRNA inactivation in β-cells of adult mice results in a striking diabetic phenotype. While islet architecture is intact and differentiation markers are maintained, Dicer1-deficient β-cells show a dramatic(More)
The mechanism of action of natural killer (NK) cells in type 1 diabetes is still unknown. Here we show that the activating receptor NKp46 recognizes mouse and human ligands on pancreatic beta cells. NK cells appeared in the pancreas when insulitis progressed to type 1 diabetes, and NKp46 engagement by beta cells led to degranulation of NK cells.(More)
Type 1 diabetes is an incurable disease that is currently treated by insulin injections or in rare cases by islet transplantation. We have recently shown that NKp46, a major killer receptor expressed by NK cells, recognizes an unknown ligand expressed by β cells and that in the absence of NKp46, or when its activity is blocked, diabetes development is(More)
Two antibiotic tetracyclines, demeclocycline (DMC) and minocycline, share several biochemical and behavioral properties with lithium (Li). DMC inhibited both noradrenaline- and chloradenosine-sensitive cyclic AMP accumulation in rat cerebral cortical slices both in vitro and ex vivo following two weeks of chronic dietary treatment. Minocycline, a lipophilic(More)
Recent studies have revealed a surprising plasticity of pancreatic beta-cell mass. beta-cell mass is now recognized to increase and decrease in response to physiological demand, for example during pregnancy and in insulin-resistant states. Moreover, we and others have shown that mice recover spontaneously from diabetes induced by killing of 70-80% of(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in pancreas development and in regulation of insulin expression in the adult. Here we show that loss of miRNAs activity in beta-cells during embryonic development results in lower beta-cell mass and in impaired glucose tolerance. Dicer1-null cells initially constitute a significant portion of the total beta-cell(More)