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SUMMARY The standard diagnostic technique for assessing osteoporosis is dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measuring bone mass parameters. In this study, a combination of DXA and trabecular structure parameters (acquired by computed tomography [CT]) most accurately predicted the biomechanical strength of the proximal femur and allowed for a better prediction(More)
Mantises (Mantodea, Mantidae) visually detect insect prey and capture it by a ballistic strike of their specialized forelegs. We tested predatory responses of female mantis, Sphodromantis viridis, to computer generated visual stimuli, to determine the effects of (i) target size and velocity (ii) discrete changes in target size and (iii) visual occlusion.(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T(2) relaxation time assesses non-invasively cartilage composition and can be used as early biomarker for knee osteoarthritis. Most knee cartilage segmentation techniques were primarily developed for volume measurements in DESS or SPGR sequences. For T(2) quantifications, these segmentations need to be superimposed on T(2)(More)
We present an algorithm for real-time, robust, vision-based active tracking and pursuit. The algorithm was designed to overcome problems arising from active vision-based pursuit, such as target occlusion. Our method employs two layers to deal with occlusions of different lengths. The first layer is for short- or medium-term occlusions: those where a known(More)
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