Tomer Avraham

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Although clinical studies have identified scarring/fibrosis as significant risk factors for lymphedema, the mechanisms by which lymphatic repair is impaired remain unknown. Transforming growth factor -beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a critical regulator of tissue fibrosis/scarring and may therefore also play a role in the regulation of lymphatic regeneration. The(More)
Although radiation therapy is a major risk factor for the development of lymphedema following lymphadenectomy, the mechanisms responsible for this effect remain unknown. The purpose of this study was therefore to determine the effects of radiation on lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) and lymphatic function. The tails of wild-type or acid sphingomyelinase(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphedema is a common debilitating sequela of lymph node dissection. Although numerous clinical studies suggest that factors that lead to fibrosis are associated with the development of lymphedema, this relationship has not been proven. The purpose of these experiments was therefore to evaluate lymphatic regeneration in the setting of variable(More)
Lymphedema is a complication of cancer treatment occurring in approximately 50% of patients who undergo lymph node resection. Despite its prevalence, the etiology of this disorder remains unknown. In this study, we determined the effect of soft tissue fibrosis on lymphatic function and the role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in the regulation of(More)
Lymphangiogenic cytokines such as vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) are critically required for lymphatic regeneration; however, in some circumstances, lymphatic function is impaired despite normal or elevated levels of these cytokines. The recent identification of anti-lymphangiogenic molecules such as interferon-γ (IFN-γ), transforming growth(More)
Lymphedema is a dreaded complication of cancer treatment. However, despite the fact that >5 million Americans are affected by this disorder, the development of effective treatments is limited by the fact that the pathology of lymphedema remains unknown. The purpose of these studies was to determine the role of inflammatory responses in lymphedema pathology.(More)
AIMS Recent studies have demonstrated that augmentation of lymphangiogenesis and tissue engineering hold promise as a treatment for lymphedema. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) can be used in lymphatic tissue-engineering by altering the balance between pro- and anti-lymphangiogenic cytokines. MATERIALS &(More)
INTRODUCTION Lymphedema is the chronic swelling of an extremity that occurs commonly after lymph node resection for cancer treatment. Recent studies have demonstrated that transfer of healthy tissues can be used as a means of bypassing damaged lymphatics and ameliorating lymphedema. The purpose of these studies was to investigate the mechanisms that(More)
INTRODUCTION Lymphedema is a chronic disorder that occurs commonly after lymph node removal for cancer treatment and is characterized by swelling, fibrosis, inflammation, and adipose deposition. Although previous histological studies have investigated inflammatory changes that occur in lymphedema, the precise cellular make up of the inflammatory infiltrate(More)
Periosteal grafts can aid in bone repair by providing bone progenitor cells and acting as a barrier to scar tissue. Unfortunately, these grafts have many of the same disadvantages as bone grafts (donor site morbidity and limited donor sites). In this article, we describe a method of synthesizing a periosteum-like material using acellular human dermis and(More)