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Endogenous opioid peptides (EOP) and dopamine (DA)-derived salsolinol are implicated in the suckling-induced prolactin surge. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the opioidergic and salsolinergic activity in the mediobasal hypothalamus of nursing sheep. The sheep were infused intracerebroventricularly with opioid receptors(More)
Abundant hemolysis is associated with a number of inherent and acquired diseases including sickle-cell disease (SCD), polycythemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and drug-induced hemolytic anemia. Despite different etiopathology of hemolytic diseases, many concomitant symptoms are comparable and include e.g. hypertension, hemoglobinuria and(More)
The objective of the study was to assess the effects of substitution milk and egg for soya products in breeding diets for rats, with concomitant decrease of the dietary protein level and supplementation with amino acids. Soya-containing (S) and two soya-free (NS and NSA) diets were evaluated as protein and energy sources, and their effects on reproductive(More)
The authors measured the effects of exogenous melatonin treatment on the concentrations of total (T) and free (f) fractions of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood plasma as well as the expression of their binding/transporter protein, transthyretin (TTR), in the choroid plexus of ewes from May to August. Melatonin(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) contributes to hemostasis abnormalities associated with inflammatory states by a poorly understood mechanism. Here we show that ONOO(-) may affect clot retraction (CR), an important step in hemostasis, by reducing contractility of human platelets resulting from the inhibition of mitochondrial energy production. Reduced CR may result(More)
This study was designed to determine the effect of intravenous lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration on the secretion of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-1 receptors (IL-1Rs) gene expression in the hypothalamus of anoestrous ewes. Gene expression of IL-1β and its receptors was assayed by the real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-1β in the(More)
The push-pull perfusions of the infundibular nucleus-median eminence (IN/ME) were made in lactating ewes (n=7) twice, to identify dopamine (DA)-derived salsolinol and the changes in its extracellular concentration in response to suckling. The perfusate collecting period in every ewe consisted of control non-suckling period, 1000-1230 h (five perfusates),(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the maturational activity of gonadotroph cells, the site of synthesis, storage and release of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in Polish Merino female sheep born after the summer solstice. The actual time of puberty of these lambs was delayed until the following breeding season, when they(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated photoperiodic changes in leptin sensitivity of seasonal mammals. Herein, we examined the interaction of season (long days (LD) versus short days (SD)) and recombinant ovine leptin (roleptin) on secretion of melatonin and prolactin (PRL) and on mRNA expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) in the medial basal(More)
SCOPE Reports on the protective effect of certain foods on brain functions are numerous; however, the permeability of the brain barriers by food components is still hardly recognised. There have been in vitro studies aimed at demonstrating this possibility, but not much is known about this phenomenon in in vivo systems. The objective of the study was to(More)