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Endogenous opioid peptides (EOP) and dopamine (DA)-derived salsolinol are implicated in the suckling-induced prolactin surge. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the opioidergic and salsolinergic activity in the mediobasal hypothalamus of nursing sheep. The sheep were infused intracerebroventricularly with opioid receptors(More)
Abundant hemolysis is associated with a number of inherent and acquired diseases including sickle-cell disease (SCD), polycythemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) and drug-induced hemolytic anemia. Despite different etiopathology of hemolytic diseases, many concomitant symptoms are comparable and include e.g. hypertension, hemoglobinuria and(More)
The objective of the study was to assess the effects of substitution milk and egg for soya products in breeding diets for rats, with concomitant decrease of the dietary protein level and supplementation with amino acids. Soya-containing (S) and two soya-free (NS and NSA) diets were evaluated as protein and energy sources, and their effects on reproductive(More)
The authors measured the effects of exogenous melatonin treatment on the concentrations of total (T) and free (f) fractions of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood plasma as well as the expression of their binding/transporter protein, transthyretin (TTR), in the choroid plexus of ewes from May to August. Melatonin(More)
Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) contributes to hemostasis abnormalities associated with inflammatory states by a poorly understood mechanism. Here we show that ONOO(-) may affect clot retraction (CR), an important step in hemostasis, by reducing contractility of human platelets resulting from the inhibition of mitochondrial energy production. Reduced CR may result(More)
This study was designed to determine the effect of intravenous lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration on the secretion of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-1 receptors (IL-1Rs) gene expression in the hypothalamus of anoestrous ewes. Gene expression of IL-1β and its receptors was assayed by the real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-1β in the(More)
The relations between the circadian rhythms of melatonin and prolactin, and the effect of melatonin infused into the third ventricle or the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) on prolactin secretion and dopamine (DA) release were studied in anestrous ewes under increasing daylength conditions. The decreased amplitude and duration of nocturnal melatonin secretion(More)
We examined by Real-time PCR how prolonged inhibition of dopaminergic D-2 receptors (DA-2) in the hypothalamus of anestrous ewes by infusion of sulpiride into the third cerebral ventricle affected GnRH and GnRH-R gene expression in discrete parts of this structure and GnRH-R gene expression in the anterior pituitary. Blockaded DA-2 receptors significantly(More)
SCOPE Reports on the protective effect of certain foods on brain functions are numerous; however, the permeability of the brain barriers by food components is still hardly recognised. There have been in vitro studies aimed at demonstrating this possibility, but not much is known about this phenomenon in in vivo systems. The objective of the study was to(More)
Data exists showing that seasonal changes in the innervations of GnRH cells in the hypothalamus and functions of some neural systems affecting GnRH neurons are associated with GnRH release in ewes. Consequently, we put the question as to how the expression of GnRH gene and GnRH-R gene in the hypothalamus and GnRH-R gene in the anterior pituitary gland is(More)