Tomasz Gładysz

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The intervertebral discs (IVDs) are roughly cylindrical, fibrocartilaginous, articulating structures connecting the vertebral bodies, and allowing movement in the otherwise rigid anterior portion of the vertebral column. They also transfer loads and dissipate energy. Macroscopically the intervertebral disc can be divided into an outer annulus fibrosus(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this paper was to summarise the anatomical knowledge on the subject of the maxillary nerve and its branches, and to show the clinical usefulness of such information in producing anaesthesia in the region of the maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS A literature search was performed in Pubmed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar(More)
The first aim of this study was to quantify cell density in cervical intervertebral discs (IVDs) and endplates of varying age and degeneration grade. The second aim was to analyze glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content in cervical IVDs and their endplates. Sixty cervical IVDs were excised from 30 human cadavers, not later than 24 hours post-mortem. Each sample(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Vertebral joints consist of intervertebral discs (IVDs) and cartilaginous end plates (EP) that lie superiorly and inferiorly to the IVDs and separate them from the adjacent vertebral bodies. With aging, both IVDs and EPs undergo degeneration. The Histologic Degeneration Score (HDS) is a grading system that microscopically evaluates the(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to psychometrically validate the EORTC translated, Polish version of the EORTC QLQ-H&N35 questionnaire to support using it in the Polish clinical setting in patients with head and neck malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients with histologically confirmed head and neck malignancies were included in the study. All patients(More)
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