Tomasz A. Timek

Learn More
  • P Dagum, G R Green, +6 authors D C Miller
  • 1999
BACKGROUND Current surgical methods for treating aortic valve and aortic root pathology vary widely, and the basis for selecting one repair or replacement alternative over another continues to evolve. More precise knowledge of the interaction between normal aortic root dynamics and aortic valve mechanics may clarify the implications of various surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Normal mammalian mitral leaflets have regional heterogeneity of biochemical composition, collagen fiber orientation, and geometric deformation. How leaflet shape and regional geometry are affected in dilated cardiomyopathy is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Nine sheep had 8 radio-opaque markers affixed to the mitral annulus (MA), 4 markers sewn on(More)
BACKGROUND A "saddle-shaped" mitral annulus with an optimal ratio between annular height and commissural diameter may reduce leaflet and chordal stress and is purported to be conserved across mammalian species. Whether annuloplasty rings maintain this relationship is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-three adult sheep underwent implantation of(More)
  • S L Nielsen, T A Timek, +5 authors D C Miller
  • 2001
BACKGROUND Edge-to-edge approximation of the mitral valve leaflets (Alfieri procedure) is a novel surgical treatment for patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). Long-term durability may be limited if abnormal mitral leaflet stresses result from this procedure. The aim of the current study was to measure Alfieri stitch tension (F(A)) and to(More)
BACKGROUND The contribution of anterior mitral leaflet second-order ("strut") chordae tendineae to left ventricular (LV) systolic mechanics is debated; we measured the in vivo contribution of anterior chordae tendineae (ACT) and posterior chordae tendineae (PCT) to regional and global LV contractile function. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight sheep had radiopaque(More)
BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy is often associated with mitral regurgitation (MR), or so-called functional MR, the mechanism of which continues to be debated. We studied the valvular and ventricular 3D geometric perturbations associated with MR in an ovine model of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC). METHODS AND RESULTS Nine sheep underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) involves significant remodeling of the left ventricular-mitral valve (MV) complex, but little is known regarding the remodeling of the mitral leaflets. The aim of this study was to assess changes in matrix composition and turnover in MV leaflets with DCM. METHODS AND RESULTS Radiopaque markers were implanted in 24(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) has been attributed to annular dilatation, papillary muscle (PM) displacement ("apical leaflet tenting"), or both. We compared the efficacy of reducing annular or subvalvular dimensions to gain more mechanistic insight into acute IMR. METHODS Eight adult sheep underwent implantation of radiopaque markers on(More)
BACKGROUND Alfieri edge-to-edge mitral repair has been used clinically with ring annuloplasty to correct ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR), but its efficacy without concomitant ring annuloplasty has not been described in this setting. METHODS Seventeen sheep underwent implantation of 9 radiopaque markers on the left ventricle, 8 on the mitral annulus(More)
Mitral annular (MA) and leaflet three-dimensional (3-D) dynamics were examined after circumferential phenol ablation of the MA and anterior mitral leaflet (AML) muscle. Radiopaque markers were sutured to the left ventricle, MA, and both mitral leaflets in 18 sheep. In 10 sheep, phenol was applied circumferentially to the atrial surface of the mitral annulus(More)