Tomas Winkler

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Influence of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on spinal cord injury induced disturbances in spinal cord conduction, edema formation and cellular stress response was examined in a rat model. Pretreatment with BDNF or IGF-1 significantly attenuated the loss of SCEP negative amplitude seen immediately after(More)
The possibility that antiserum to tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is neuroprotective in spinal cord injury (SCI) was examined in a rat model. SCI was produced by making an incision into the right dorsal horn at the T10-11 segments. Top TNF-alpha antiserum at three concentrations (1:10; 1:50 and 1:100) given 30 min before or 2 min, 5 min or 10 min(More)
The possibility that spinal cord pathology following trauma can be assessed with early changes in the spinal cord evoked potentials (SCEPs) was examined in a rat model. Spinal cord injury (SCI) was produced in Equithesin-anesthetized (3 ml/kg, i.p.) rats through a longitudinal incision into the right dorsal horn at the T10-11 segments. The SCEPs were(More)
Spinal cord evoked potentials (SCEP) elicited by simultaneous distal tibial and sural nerve stimulation were continuously recorded from the epidural space at the T9 and T12 levels of urethane anaesthetized rats before and after a unilateral incision (about 3 mm deep and 5 mm long) in the right dorsal horn of the T10-11 segments. The changes in SCEP were(More)
The role of serotonin in trauma induced alterations in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability, cerebral blood flow (CBF), brain edema and cell changes were examined in a new model of cortical injury in the rat using a pharmacological approach. A longitudinal incision into the right parietal cerebral cortex (about 3 mm deep and 5 mm long) was associated with(More)
Dynorphin is a neuropeptide that is present in high quantities in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. The peptide is actively involved in pain processing pathways. However, its involvement in spinal cord injury is not well known. Alteration in dynorphin immunoreactivity occurs following a focal trauma to the rat spinal cord. Infusion of dynorphin into the(More)
The potential efficacy of indomethacin (a potent inhibitor of endogenous prostaglandin synthesis) on spinal cord-evoked potentials and edema formation occurring after a focal trauma to the spinal cord was examined in a rat model. The spinal cord evoked potentials were recorded in urethane-anesthetized male rats using monopolar electrodes placed epidurally(More)
The influence of the potent L-type Ca[2+] channel antagonist Nimodipine on spinal cord evoked potentials (SCEP) and axonal injury following trauma to the spinal cord was examined in a rat model. Spinal cord injury (SCI) was produced by an incision into the right dorsal horn of the T10-11 segments under urethane anaesthesia (1.5 g/kg, i.p.). SCEPs were(More)
PURPOSE Recovery is limited following traumatic brain injury (TBI) since injured axons regenerate poorly and replacement of lost cells is minimal. Behavioral improvements could instead be due to plasticity of uninjured brain regions. We hypothesized that plasticity of the uninjured hemisphere occurs contralateral to a focal TBI in the adult rat. Thus, we(More)
The possibility that nitric oxide is somehow involved in the early bioelectrical disturbances following spinal cord injury in relation to the later pathophysiology of the spinal cord was examined in a rat model of spinal cord trauma. A focal trauma to the rat spinal cord was produced by an incision of the right dorsal horn of the T 10-11 segments under(More)