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BACKGROUND Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) express the tyrosine kinase receptor c-kit, which is required for their development and spontaneous pacemaker activity in the bowel. From murine models it has been proposed that ICCs do not develop until after birth, but more recent findings indicate that c-kit is expressed early in the embryonic period. The(More)
PURPOSE NASHA Dx gel has been used extensively for treatments in the field of urology. This study was performed to evaluate NASHA Dx gel as an injectable anal canal implant for the treatment of fecal incontinence. METHODS Thirty-four patients (5 males, 29 females; median age, 61 years; range, 34 to 80) were injected with 4 x 1 ml of NASHA Dx gel, just(More)
We evaluated the outcome in infants with esophageal atresia (EA) treated in our department over the last two decades. The medical records of 147 infants treated from 1986 to 2005 were reviewed. Patient characteristics, associated anomalies, surgery and complications were recorded. We divided the material into two time-periods: 1986–1995 and 1996–2005; 125(More)
BACKGROUND Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is defined as Müllerian aplasia with vaginal agenesis and uterine remnants. It is commonly associated with renal and sometimes vertebral anomalies. The MRKH syndrome or distal vaginal atresia is sometimes associated with anorectal malformations. The purpose of this study was to describe 7 girls with(More)
AIM Sclerotherapy is the primary treatment for lymphatic malformations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome in patients with lymphatic malformations treated with the immunostimulant OK-432 as a sclerosant. METHODS Between 1998 and 2013, we enrolled 131 of 138 eligible patients treated with OK-432 for lymphatic malformations in a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interactions of neurotrophins with the appropriate trk receptors result in growth and maturational alterations in nervous system cells during development. The aim of this study was to examine whether similar interactions could be involved in human enteric nervous system (ENS) survival or differentiation as well. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of nonoperative treatment of acute nonperforated appendicitis with antibiotics in children. METHODS A pilot randomized controlled trial was performed comparing nonoperative treatment with antibiotics versus surgery for acute appendicitis in children. Patients with imaging-confirmed(More)
Interactions of the trk family of tyrosine kinase receptors with neurotrophins promote growth and differentiation of nervous-system cells during development. Disturbances in neurotrophic signalling could be involved in functional or aganglionic conditions of the intestine such as Hirschsprung's disease (HD). Intestinal resection specimens from 20 children(More)
Stabilized non-animal hyaluronic acid/dextranomer (NASHA® Dx) gel as injectable bulking therapy has been shown to decrease symptoms of faecal incontinence, but the durability of treatment and effects and influence on quality of life (QoL) is not known. The aim of this study was to assess the effects on continence and QoL and to evaluate the relationship(More)
BACKGROUND Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) was first described in 2003 as a method for lengthening and tapering of the bowel in short bowel syndrome. The aim of this multicentre study was to review the outcome of a Swedish cohort of children who underwent STEP. METHODS All children who had a STEP procedure at one of the four centres of paediatric(More)