Tomas Wester

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BACKGROUND Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) express the tyrosine kinase receptor c-kit, which is required for their development and spontaneous pacemaker activity in the bowel. From murine models it has been proposed that ICCs do not develop until after birth, but more recent findings indicate that c-kit is expressed early in the embryonic period. The(More)
We evaluated the outcome in infants with esophageal atresia (EA) treated in our department over the last two decades. The medical records of 147 infants treated from 1986 to 2005 were reviewed. Patient characteristics, associated anomalies, surgery and complications were recorded. We divided the material into two time-periods: 1986–1995 and 1996–2005; 125(More)
PURPOSE NASHA Dx gel has been used extensively for treatments in the field of urology. This study was performed to evaluate NASHA Dx gel as an injectable anal canal implant for the treatment of fecal incontinence. METHODS Thirty-four patients (5 males, 29 females; median age, 61 years; range, 34 to 80) were injected with 4 x 1 ml of NASHA Dx gel, just(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of nonoperative treatment of acute nonperforated appendicitis with antibiotics in children. METHODS A pilot randomized controlled trial was performed comparing nonoperative treatment with antibiotics versus surgery for acute appendicitis in children. Patients with imaging-confirmed(More)
BACKGROUND Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP) was first described in 2003 as a method for lengthening and tapering of the bowel in short bowel syndrome. The aim of this multicentre study was to review the outcome of a Swedish cohort of children who underwent STEP. METHODS All children who had a STEP procedure at one of the four centres of paediatric(More)
BACKGROUND Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is defined as Müllerian aplasia with vaginal agenesis and uterine remnants. It is commonly associated with renal and sometimes vertebral anomalies. The MRKH syndrome or distal vaginal atresia is sometimes associated with anorectal malformations. The purpose of this study was to describe 7 girls with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interactions of neurotrophins with the appropriate trk receptors result in growth and maturational alterations in nervous system cells during development. The aim of this study was to examine whether similar interactions could be involved in human enteric nervous system (ENS) survival or differentiation as well. METHODS(More)
OBJECT Shunt infections represent a major problem with risk for sequelae and even death. The aim in this retrospective study was to analyze the incidence, origin, and clinical presentation of shunt infections, with special reference to the results of cultures for anaerobic organisms performed in addition to the usual tests, to prolonged incubation times,(More)
Interactions of the trk family of tyrosine kinase receptors with neurotrophins promote growth and differentiation of nervous-system cells during development. Disturbances in neurotrophic signalling could be involved in functional or aganglionic conditions of the intestine such as Hirschsprung's disease (HD). Intestinal resection specimens from 20 children(More)
Development of potentially life-threatening enterocolitis is the most frequent complication in children with Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), even after definitive corrective surgery. Intestinal microbiota likely contribute to the etiology of enterocolitis, so the aim of this study was to compare the fecal bacterial and fungal communities of children who(More)