Tomas Slavik

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DNA methylation/demethylation pattern, determined by 5-methylcytosine (5-MeC) immunostaining, was evaluated in porcine “in vivo” produced embryos from zygote up to the blastocyst stage. In one-cell stage embryos, only the maternal pronucleus showed a positive labeling whilst the paternal pronucleus showed almost no labeling. The intensity of labeling is(More)
Cronkhite–Canada syndrome is a rare gastro-enterocolopathy of uncertain aetiology first described almost 60 years ago. It is characterised by diffuse gastrointestinal polyposis sparing only the oesophagus, ectodermal abnormalities and an unpredictable but often fatal clinical course. The disease may demonstrate extremely diverse clinical and endoscopic(More)
Helicobacter pylori and Helicobacter felis are two of the Helicobacter spp. that infect humans. H. pylori has been linked to significant gastric pathology. Coinfection with Helicobacter spp. may influence infectious burden, pathogenesis, and antibiotic resistance; however, this has not been studied. The aims of this study were to identify the incidence of(More)
Twenty-nine months after surgery, irradiation, and systemic chemotherapy for a pineal mixed germ cell tumor, an 11-year-old Caucasian male developed a 3 cm dural based nodule in the occipital lobe that proved to be a solitary fibrous tumor by immunohistochemical and ultrastructural examination. Differential diagnosis included fibrous meningioma,(More)
Onconase (ONC) and bovine seminal ribonuclease (BS-RNase) are homologs of bovine pancreatic ribonuclease (RNase A). Unlike RNase A, ONC and BS-RNase can evade the cytosolic ribonuclease inhibitor protein and are potent cytotoxins. Here, the endogenous cytotoxic activities of ONC and BS-RNase are compared in a wide variety of assays. Injections of ONC into(More)
AIM To study if T-cell activation related to portasystemic shunting causes osteoclast-mediated bone loss through RANKL-dependent pathways. We also investigated if T-cell inhibition using rapamycin would protect against bone loss in rats. METHODS Portasystemic shunting was performed in male Sprague-Dawley rats and rapamycin 0.1 mg/kg was administered for(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal macrophages are key regulators of inflammatory responses to the gut microbiome and play a central role in maintaining tissue homeostasis and epithelial integrity. However, little is known about the role of these cells in HIV infection, a disease fuelled by intestinal inflammation, a loss of epithelial barrier function and increased(More)
Dimers, trimers, and tetramers of bovine ribonuclease A, obtained by lyophilization of the enzyme from 40% acetic acid solutions, were purified and isolated by cation exchange chromatography. The two conformers constituting each aggregated species were assayed for their antitumor, aspermatogenic, or embryotoxic activities in comparison with monomeric RNase(More)
Our study aimed to evaluate the oral cavity as a reservoir from where Helicobacter pylori may be transmitted. Histology and PCR amplification were performed. Eighty-four percent of the stomach biopsies tested positive; however, H. pylori was not detected in dental samples, indicating the absence of H. pylori within the oral cavity.
Abdominal lymphadenopathy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection remains a diagnostic challenge. We performed a prospective cohort study by recruiting 31 symptomatic HIV + patients with abdominal lymphadenopathy and assessing the diagnostic yield of endoscopic ultrasound fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). Mean age was 38 years; 52% were female; and(More)