Tomas Mracek

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Mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH) is not included in the traditional textbook schemes of the respiratory chain, reflecting the fact that it is a non-standard, tissue-specific component of mammalian mitochondria. But despite its very simple structure, mGPDH is a very important enzyme of intermediary metabolism and as a component of(More)
ATP synthase is a key enzyme of mitochondrial energy conversion. In mammals, it produces most of cellular ATP. Alteration of ATP synthase biogenesis may cause two types of isolated defects: qualitative when the enzyme is structurally modified and does not function properly, and quantitative when it is present in insufficient amounts. In both cases the(More)
Oxidation of glycerophosphate (GP) by brown adipose tissue mitochondria in the presence of antimycin A was found to be accompanied by significant production of hydrogen peroxide. GP-dependent hydrogen peroxide production could be detected by p-hydroxyphenylacetate fluorescence changes or as an antimycin A-insensitive oxygen consumption. One-electron(More)
Macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), a divergent member of the TGF-beta superfamily, is involved in the control of multiple cellular processes and mediates cachexia through the inhibition of appetite. Adipose tissue as an endocrine organ secretes proteins (adipokines) that regulate energy homeostasis and other cellular functions. This study(More)
Overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been implicated in a range of pathologies. Mitochondrial flavin dehydrogenases glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) represent important ROS source, but the mechanism of electron leak is still poorly understood. To investigate the ROS production by the isolated(More)
Involvement of mammalian mitochondrial glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (mGPDH, EC 1.1.99.5) in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was studied in brown adipose tissue mitochondria by different spectroscopic techniques. Spectrofluorometry using ROS-sensitive probes CM-H2DCFDA and Amplex Red was used to determine the glycerophosphate- or(More)
Whether active UCP1 can reduce ROS production in brown-fat mitochondria is presently not settled. The issue is of principal significance, as it can be seen as a proof- or disproof-of-principle concerning the ability of any protein to diminish ROS production through membrane depolarization. We therefore undertook a comprehensive investigation of the(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is well recognized as a heat-producing organ of rodents and generally all young mammals. There is good experimental evidence that its thermogenic activity plays a role also during development of fever and that this activation is mediated exclusively via an adrenergic pathway. However, we have shown that brown adipocytes highly(More)
Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a new adipokine whose gene expression is downregulated in obese patients. We recently reported ZAG expression in breast tumor or healthy breast tissue and detected this expression at high levels in ductal carcinoma and in normal epithelial adjacent tissue but not in normal tissue of healthy women. In the present study, we used(More)
Respiratory complex II (CII, succinate dehydrogenase, SDH) inhibition can induce cell death, but the mechanistic details need clarification. To elucidate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation upon the ubiquinone-binding (Qp) site blockade, we substituted CII subunit C (SDHC) residues lining the Qp site by site-directed mutagenesis. Cell lines(More)