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OBJECTIVE Established parameters, e.g. C-reactive protein (CRP), do not differentiate specifically enough between patients developing an infection and those exhibiting an acute phase response following cardiac surgery. The objective of this prospective study was to investigate if procalcitonin (PCT) is more helpful than CRP. METHODS During a 1-year(More)
AIMS Short-acting calcium entry blockers should be used primarily in slow-release form. Furthermore, studies of the antihypertensive efficacy of drugs can be negatively influenced by between 15% and 30% of the enrolled patients not being hypertensive according to ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurement. Thus, a randomized double-blind multicenter(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) have been shown to lower hematocrit and erythropoietin (EPO), but a direct link between angiotensin II (Ang II) and EPO in humans has not been shown. METHODS Placebo or Ang II was infused for six hours in nine healthy male volunteers with and without blockade of the Ang II subtype 1 receptor(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. In the present study we examined the genotype frequencies of the insertion/deletion polymorphisms of the ACE gene and the M235T polymorphism of the Angiotensinogen (Agt) gene in patients with essential hypertension in comparison with normotensive subjects. In(More)
The racemic 3-O-sulfates of epinephrine and norepinephrine as well as 4-O-sulfoconjugated dopamine were synthesized, highly purified and investigated with respect to their beta-adrenoceptor affinities and relative potencies in the receptor-coupled adenylate cyclase system in isolated human mononuclear leukocytes. The receptor affinities of all catecholamine(More)
The physiological effects of the sulfoconjugates of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and the 3-O-methylated catecholamines, metanephrine, normetanephrine, and methoxytyramine were examined with regard to their alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding properties and aggregation activity in human platelets. Sulfoconjugation of catecholamines resulted in the loss of both(More)
A prospective longitudinal study of 25 pregnant women (30 pregnancies) with chronic hypertension, a group prone to development of preeclampsia, was conducted to explore the relationship between the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and the development of superimposed preeclampsia. In women with chronic hypertension in whom preeclampsia did not develop(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) increases endothelial permeability. VEGF is produced in podocytes and functional receptors are located on endothelial glomerular cells. The aim of the current study in diabetic patients with normal renal function to various degrees of proteinuric nephropathy was therefore to unravel a possible role of the(More)
We examined whether renin (prorenin plus renin) is secreted from the human placenta into the maternal or fetal circulation and compared the secretion rate to that of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), progesterone, and estradiol. While estradiol and progesterone passed into both circulations, renin (mostly prorenin) and hCG were secreted predominantly into(More)
Prorenin is found in human plasma, kidneys, and reproductive organs. We investigated the physiological and pharmacokinetic properties of plasma prorenin, and its plasma conversion to active renin, by bolus infusions of human recombinant prorenin (0.5, 2, 20 micrograms; n = 4/dose) into anesthetized male cynomolgus monkeys. The infused prorenin had 3%(More)