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Two hundred eight primary squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck have been analyzed with respect to the presence of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein, pRb. Of these, 23 tumors (11%) that preferentially localized to the tonsils revealed complete absence or dramatic reduction in the amount of pRb. Other cell cycle components, cyclin D1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Infections with high-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs), causatively linked to cervical cancer, might also play a role in the development of prostate cancer. Furthermore, the polymorphism at codon 72 (encoding either arginine or proline) of the p53 tumor-suppressor gene is discussed as a possible determinant for cancer risk. The HPV E6(More)
Infections with human papillomaviruses are divided basically into three different infection types: those producing specific clinically visible lesions, those remaining subclinical, and those being latent. The assumed infection type thought to be present in tissue specimens has influence on the conclusions that can be made from an analysis, i.e. whether or(More)
The causal role of human papillomaviruses (HPV) in squamous cell carcinogenesis of tonsillar cancers (TSCC) depends on the activity of the viral oncoproteins E6 and E7, leading to inactivation of the cellular tumor suppressor p53 and the retinoblastoma gene product pRb. Because of the negative feedback mechanisms, the pRb inactivation causes an increase of(More)
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) have been recognized as an essential pathogenic factor in anogenital cancer. HPV DNA has also been found in a subgroup of head-and-neck squamous-cell carcinomas (HNSCCs), and a causative role of the virus in the development of these tumors has been suggested by the concomitant inactivation of the tumor-suppressor protein pRb.(More)
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is associated with squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC) particularly from the Waldeyer's tonsillar ring. A causal role of HPV16 in carcinogenesis is linked to the activity of the viral oncoproteins E6 and E7 which inactivate the cellular tumor suppressors p53 and pRB, respectively. Lack of E6 expression(More)
Depending on the primary tumour's anatomical location, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) shows HPV prevalences between 20 and 30% for oro-, hypopharyngeal as well as laryngeal SCC and up to over 50% for SCC of the Waldeyer's tonsillar ring. There is persistent controversy on the role of HPV infection in HNSCC-progression, and on the(More)
The laminins comprise of a family of heterotrimeric proteins of the extracellular matrix. The cross-shaped proteins consist of a heavy α-chain and two light chains, called β and γ. Each group of chains, classified on their sequence identity and domain organization, include different isoforms. A deficiency of the α2 chain of laminin-2, previously termed(More)
CONCLUSION The results of this study corroborate earlier findings that human papillomavirus (HPV)16 is the most prevalent type of HPV in squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHNs) and reinforce a possible influence of HPV on SCCHN progression by showing that the majority of HPV-positive patients harbor HPV16 (or HPV33) both in their primary(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are related to the genesis of various benign and malignant human neoplasias. The HPV types 16 and 18 seem to be causally related to the development of most squamous cell carcinoma of the anogenital tract and a proportion of carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract. The near 100% positivity of the HPV types 6 and 11(More)