We investigated cases of shigellosis in San Francisco and Alameda Counties identified during 1996 by active laboratory surveillance to assess the role of HIV infection as a risk factor for shigellosis. Dramatically elevated rates of shigellosis in HIV-infected persons implicate HIV infection as an important risk factor for shigellosis in San Francisco.
Suggested citation for this article In June 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a request for applications to identify, improve, and evaluate the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to mitigate the spread of pandemic influenza within communities and across international borders (RFA-CI06-010) (1). Eleven… (More)
Background: Dual infection with HIV-1 and HIV-2, which is not uncommon in West Africa, has important implications for transmission , progression, and antiretroviral therapy. Few studies have examined HIV viral dynamics in this setting. Methods: We compared HIV-1 and HIV-2 viral loads from 65 dually infected, antiretroviral therapy-naı¨ve Senegalese… (More)