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Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) are a basic, non-invasive method of neurophysiological investigation. They can be used to assess aspects of human cognitive information processing. They also can be used in experiments on higher mammals. The most important and the most studied component of the ERP record is the P3 wave. It consists of two parts, P3a and P3b.(More)
For many years, multiserver<sup>1</sup> operating systems have been demonstrating, by their design, high dependability and reliability. However, the design has inherent performance implications which were not easy to overcome. Until now the context switching and kernel involvement in the message passing was the performance bottleneck for such systems to get(More)
Programming specialized network processors (NPU) is inherently difficult. Unlike mainstream processors where architectural features such as out-of-order execution and caches hide most of the complexities of efficient program execution, programmers of NPUs face a 'bare-metal' view of the architecture. They have to deal with a multithreaded environment with a(More)
Current intrusion detection systems have a narrow scope. They target flow aggregates, reconstructed TCP streams, individual packets or application-level data fields, but no existing solution is capable of handling all of the above. Moreover, most systems that perform payload inspection on entire TCP streams are unable to handle gigabit link rates. We argue(More)
Breaking up the OS in many small components is attractive from a dependability point of view. If one of the components crashes or needs an update, we can replace it on the fly without taking down the system. The question is how to achieve this without sacrificing performance and without wasting resources unnecessarily. In this paper, we show that(More)
In many workloads, most write operations performed on a file system modify only a small number of blocks. The log-structured file system was designed for such a workload, additionally with the aim of fast crash recovery and system snapshots. Surprisingly, although implemented for Berkeley Sprite and BSD systems, there was no complete implementation for the(More)
Event-Related potentials are a simple non-invasive neurophysiological method enabling to comprehend certain aspects of the cognitive processing of information in humans. The best-known component of Event-Related Potentials is the so-called P3 wave. Alterations in the parameters of P300 wave have been discovered in certain personality disorders and in(More)
BACKGROUND This comparative and comprehensive study builds on a previous study comparing the P300 wave of impulsively violent delinquents and a non-impulsive non-delinquent group. The purpose was to investigate changes in P300 cognitive evoked potentials, especially the amplitude and latency at the Pz electrode site. MATERIAL/METHODS The P300 parameters(More)
Traditionally, applications use sockets to access the network. The socket API is well understood and simple to use. However, its simplicity has also limited its efficiency in existing implementations. Specifically, the socket API requires the application to execute many system calls like select, accept, read, and write. Each of these calls crosses the(More)
There is a growing need for packet processing at high link rates. Commodity hardware and software are not able to cope with multi-gigabit speeds. Existing solutions for handling high rates tend to be ad-hoc and cannot easily be used for new applications. In this paper, we desibe our experiences in implementing a flexible packet processing framework that is(More)