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Although several genes causing familial cancer syndromes have been identified, susceptibility to sporadic cancer remains unsolved. Animal experiments have demonstrated a large number of quantitative trait loci affecting cancer susceptibility. Previously, we described in mouse strain CcS-19/Dem five susceptibility to colon cancer (Scc) loci, Scc1-Scc5(More)
The antigen processing machinery (APM) plays an important role in immune recognition of virally infected and transformed cells. Defective expression of several APM components is associated with progression and clinical outcome in cervical carcinoma. Genetic variation in the genes encoding APM components is known to be associated with risk of occurrence of(More)
Chondrosarcomas are notorious for their resistance to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy, indicating there are no curative treatment possibilities for patients with inoperable or metastatic disease. We therefore explored the existence of molecular targets for systemic treatment of chondrosarcoma using kinome profiling. Peptide array was performed(More)
Many hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancers (CRCs) cannot be explained by Lynch syndrome. Other high penetrance genetic risk factors are likely to play a role in these mismatch repair (MMR)-proficient CRC families. Because genomic profiles of CRC tend to vary with CRC susceptibility syndromes, our aim is to analyze the genomic profile of MMR-proficient(More)
Ollier disease and Maffucci syndrome are non-hereditary skeletal disorders characterized by multiple enchondromas (Ollier disease) combined with spindle cell hemangiomas (Maffucci syndrome). We report somatic heterozygous mutations in IDH1 (c.394C>T encoding an R132C substitution and c.395G>A encoding an R132H substitution) or IDH2 (c.516G>C encoding R172S)(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) class I expression are common in colorectal cancer. Since HLA expression is required to activate tumor antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL), HLA class I abnormalities represent a mechanism by which tumors circumvent immune surveillance. Tumors with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H)(More)
BACKGROUND Promoter hypermethylation is an important and potentially reversible mechanism of tumour suppressor gene silencing in cancer. Compounds that demethylate tumour suppressor genes and induce differentiation of cancer cells, but do not have toxic side effects, would represent an exciting option in cancer therapy. Statins are cholesterol-lowering(More)
Germ-line mutations in APC and mismatch repair genes explain only a small percentage of all colorectal cancer cases. We have used the recombinant congenic strain mouse model to find new loci that are involved in the control of susceptibility to colon cancer. Five different colon cancer susceptibility genes, Scc1-Scc5, have been described previously using(More)
Total mesorectal excision (TME) is the standard treatment for rectal cancer, while transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is a recently introduced surgical approach for the treatment of rectal adenomas. Incorrect preoperative staging before TEM is a problem. To identify genetic changes that might correlate with tumour stage and could lead to optimized(More)
Promoter hypermethylation is known to result in transcriptional downregulation of many genes including the CDH1 gene. In this study we set out to determine CDH1 promoter methylation in breast tumors with decreased or absent E-cadherin protein expression and without CDH1 gene mutations by methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Interestingly, some tumor samples with(More)