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Ollier disease and Maffucci syndrome are non-hereditary skeletal disorders characterized by multiple enchondromas (Ollier disease) combined with spindle cell hemangiomas (Maffucci syndrome). We report somatic heterozygous mutations in IDH1 (c.394C>T encoding an R132C substitution and c.395G>A encoding an R132H substitution) or IDH2 (c.516G>C encoding R172S)(More)
Using genome-wide expression profiling of a panel of 27 human mammary cell lines with different mechanisms of E-cadherin inactivation, we evaluated the relationship between E-cadherin status and gene expression levels. Expression profiles of cell lines with E-cadherin (CDH1) promoter methylation were significantly different from those with CDH1 expression(More)
Only a small proportion of cancers result from familial cancer syndromes with Mendelian inheritance. Nonfamilial, 'sporadic' cancers, which represent most cancer cases, also have a significant hereditary component, but the genes involved have low penetrance and are extremely difficult to detect. Therefore, mapping and cloning of quantitative trait loci(More)
OBJECTIVE Parathyroid carcinoma remains difficult to diagnose. Recently, it has been shown that mutations in the HRPT2 gene (encoding parafibromin) are associated with the development of parathyroid carcinoma. Although MEN1 is not typically thought to be involved in carcinoma formation, parathyroid carcinoma may be an extremely rare feature of the multiple(More)
The antigen processing machinery (APM) plays an important role in immune recognition of virally infected and transformed cells. Defective expression of several APM components is associated with progression and clinical outcome in cervical carcinoma. Genetic variation in the genes encoding APM components is known to be associated with risk of occurrence of(More)
Abnormalities in Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) class I expression are common in colorectal cancer. Since HLA expression is required to activate tumor antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL), HLA class I abnormalities represent a mechanism by which tumors circumvent immune surveillance. Tumors with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) are believed(More)
Although several genes causing familial cancer syndromes have been identified, susceptibility to sporadic cancer remains unsolved. Animal experiments have demonstrated a large number of quantitative trait loci affecting cancer susceptibility. Previously, we described in mouse strain CcS-19/Dem five susceptibility to colon cancer (Scc) loci, Scc1-Scc5(More)
Many hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancers (CRCs) cannot be explained by Lynch syndrome. Other high penetrance genetic risk factors are likely to play a role in these mismatch repair (MMR)-proficient CRC families. Because genomic profiles of CRC tend to vary with CRC susceptibility syndromes, our aim is to analyze the genomic profile of MMR-proficient(More)
Promoter hypermethylation is known to result in transcriptional downregulation of many genes including the CDH1 gene. In this study we set out to determine CDH1 promoter methylation in breast tumors with decreased or absent E-cadherin protein expression and without CDH1 gene mutations by methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Interestingly, some tumor samples with(More)
BACKGROUND Promoter hypermethylation is an important and potentially reversible mechanism of tumour suppressor gene silencing in cancer. Compounds that demethylate tumour suppressor genes and induce differentiation of cancer cells, but do not have toxic side effects, would represent an exciting option in cancer therapy. Statins are cholesterol-lowering(More)