Tom Zimmerman

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Marching along the DARPA SyNAPSE roadmap, IBM unveils a trilogy of innovations towards the TrueNorth cognitive computing system inspired by the brain's function and efficiency. The non-von Neumann nature of the TrueNorth architecture necessitates a novel approach to efficient system design. To this end, we have developed a set of abstractions, algorithms,(More)
This paper examines the macroeconomic dynamics of the 2007-09 recession in the United States and the subsequent slow recovery. Using a dynamic factor model with 200 variables, we reach three main conclusions. First, although many of the events of the 2007-2009 collapse were unprecedented, their net effect was to produce macro shocks that were larger(More)
OBJECT The intracranial pulse pressure is often increased when neuropathology is present, particularly in cases of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) such as occurs in hydrocephalus. This pulse pressure is assumed to originate from arterial blood pressure oscillations entering the cranium; the fact that there is a coupling between the arterial blood(More)
Scar formation after thermal injury is common and results in significant aesthetic and functional impairment. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) plays a significant role in scar formation. We tested the hypothesis that a novel TGF-beta peptantagonist would reduce scar formation and wound contraction in partial thickness burns by using a randomized(More)
OBJECTIVES Cutaneous burns are dynamic injuries with a central zone of necrosis surrounded by a zone of ischemia. Conversion of this ischemic zone to full necrosis over the days following injury is due in part to highly reactive oxygen radicals. Curcumin is a component of the Oriental spice turmeric that has been shown to have antioxidant and antiapoptotic(More)
OBJECTIVE A brass comb burn model that creates 3 full-thickness burns separated by 3 interspaces of unburned skin representing the zone of ischemia has been described in rats. We evaluated this model in pigs. METHODS Design--observational. Subjects--6 pigs (20-25 kg). Interventions--4 burns created on each animal on the dorsum using a brass comb with 4(More)
Burns induce the activation of an inflammatory cascade that generates reactive oxygen radicals and lipid peroxidation leading to burn wound progression and extension. Peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor-gamma is a nuclear hormone receptor that is activated by transcription factors and plays an important role in the regulation of cellular(More)
Magnetic switching offers an alternative to overcoming the rep-rate and life limitations of the spark gaps in the ETA/ATA induction accelerators. The principle has been applied for many years to radar modulators but at much lower power levels and longer pulse lengths. Comparatively recent developments in magnetic materials together with some optimal(More)
BACKGROUND Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a peptide that reduces scar formation in the heart by blocking transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Although TGF-beta is known to play a role in scar formation in the myocardium, little is known about the effects of BNP on cutaneous wound healing. OBJECTIVES The objective was to determine if the(More)