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OBJECTIVE To determine the measurement reproducibility of perfusion fraction f, pseudodiffusion coefficient D and diffusion coefficient D in colorectal liver metastases and normal liver. METHODS Fourteen patients with known colorectal liver metastases were examined twice using respiratory-triggered echo-planar DW-MRI with eight b values (0 to 900 s/mm(2))(More)
We investigated the in vitro activity of nystatin and liposomal nystatin against 103 Candida isolates to determine the effect of both time and medium on MICs. We also compared the nystatin MICs with those of amphotericin B and fluconazole. Testing was performed in accordance with the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards M27-A microdilution(More)
INTRODUCTION No randomized clinical trial comparing treatment options for small saphenous vein (SSV) incompetence exists, and there is no clear evidence that this axis behaves the same as the great saphenous vein after treatment. This means that the existing literature base, centered on the treatment of great saphenous vein incompetence cannot simply be(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the diagnostic accuracy of gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and a combination of both techniques for the detection of colorectal hepatic metastases. METHODS 72 patients with suspected colorectal liver metastases underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI and DW-MRI.(More)
BACKGROUND The ideal continuing professional development (CPD) model to transfer advanced minimally invasive surgical (MIS) skills to surgeons in practice has not yet been determined. METHODS A survey of general surgeons practicing in Alberta was conducted to determine attitudes toward CPD with a focus on MIS colon surgery. Two separate mailings of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The study was performed to evaluate the clinical and technical efficacy of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of small saphenous varicosities, particularly in relation to the site of endovenous access. METHODS Totally 59 patients with unilateral saphenopopliteal junction incompetence and small saphenous vein reflux underwent EVLA (810 nm, 14 W(More)
BACKGROUND Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) is a popular treatment for superficial venous insufficiency. Debate continues regarding the optimal management of symptomatic varicose tributaries following ablation of the main saphenous trunk. This randomized trial compared the 5-year outcomes of endovenous laser therapy with ambulatory phlebectomy (EVLTAP) with(More)
Aims To report the longer term outcomes following either a strategy of endovascular repair first or open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, which are necessary for both patient and clinical decision-making. Methods and results This pragmatic multicentre (29 UK and 1 Canada) trial randomized 613 patients with a clinical diagnosis of ruptured(More)
BACKGROUND Venous leg ulcers represent the worst extreme within the spectrum of chronic venous disease. Affecting up to 3% of the adult population, this typically chronic, recurring condition significantly impairs quality of life, and its treatment places a heavy financial burden upon healthcare systems. The current mainstay of treatment for venous leg(More)
Lactate is a product of glucose metabolism. In tumour tissues, which exhibit enhanced glycolytic metabolism, lactate signals may be elevated, making lactate a potential useful tumour biomarker. Methods of lactate quantitation are complicated because of overlap between the lactate methyl doublet CH3 resonance and a lipid resonance at 1.3 ppm. This study(More)