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Dyskeratosis congenita is a progressive bone-marrow failure syndrome that is characterized by abnormal skin pigmentation, leukoplakia and nail dystrophy. X-linked, autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant inheritance have been found in different pedigrees. The X-linked form of the disease is due to mutations in the gene DKC1 in band 2, sub-band 8 of the(More)
X-linked recessive dyskeratosis congenita (DKC) is a rare bone-marrow failure disorder linked to Xq28. Hybridization screening with 28 candidate cDNAs resulted in the detection of a 3' deletion in one DKC patient with a cDNA probe (derived from XAP101). Five different missense mutations in five unrelated patients were subsequently identified in XAP101,(More)
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is characterized by multiple features including mucocutaneous abnormalities, bone marrow failure and an increased predisposition to cancer. It exhibits marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity. DKC1 encoding dyskerin, a component of H/ACA small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (snoRNP) particles is mutated in X-linked recessive DC.(More)
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a multisystem bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by a triad of mucocutaneous abnormalities and a predisposition to cancer. The genetic basis of DC remains unknown in more than 60% of patients. Mutations have been identified in components of the telomerase complex (dyskerin, TERC, TERT, NOP10, and NHP2), and recently in(More)
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) and its phenotypically severe variant, Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS), are multisystem bone-marrow-failure syndromes in which the principal pathology is defective telomere maintenance. The genetic basis of many cases of DC and HHS remains unknown. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified biallelic mutations in RTEL1,(More)
Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson (HH) syndrome is a multisystem disorder affecting boys characterized by aplastic anaemia (AA), immunodeficiency, microcephaly, cerebellar-hypoplasia and growth retardation. Its pathogenesis is unknown. X-linked dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is an inherited bone-marrow-failure syndrome characterized by skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and(More)
Dyskeratosis congenita is a premature aging syndrome characterized by muco-cutaneous features and a range of other abnormalities, including early greying, dental loss, osteoporosis, and malignancy. Dyskeratosis congenita cells age prematurely and have very short telomeres. Patients have mutations in genes that encode components of the telomerase complex(More)
In a cross-sectional study, the activity, electrophoretic mobility and genotypes of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) were determined among healthy, UAE national school boys from Al-Ain District in the United Arab Emirates, The prevalence of G6PD deficiency in this population sample was 11%. The majority of G6PD-deficient subjects were descendants of(More)
We report the first investigation of glucose- 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency among the Mazandaranians in the north of Iran. We analysed the G6PD gene in 74 unrelated G6PD-deficient men with a history of favism. Molecular analysis revealed three major different polymorphic variants: G6PD Mediterranean 66.2% (49 out of 74), G6PD Chatham 27% (20(More)