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Cardiac morphogenesis proceeds from a sequential series of epithelial-mesenchymal transitions which begins by establishing bipotential heart-forming cells and later their segregation into endocardial and myocardial lineages. Cells within each lineage integrate to form two concentric epithelia which inductively interact to transform cells of the inner(More)
In the presence of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), high-affinity norepinephrine (NE) uptake by quail neural crest cells was significantly increased as judged by in vitro colony assay of adrenergic differentiation. In the presence of the related neurotrophins nerve growth factor (NGF) or brain-derived neurotrophic (BDNF) factor, or of basic fibroblast growth factor(More)
Biofabrication can be defined as the production of complex living and non-living biological products from raw materials such as living cells, molecules, extracellular matrices, and biomaterials. Cell and developmental biology, biomaterials science, and mechanical engineering are the main disciplines contributing to the emergence of biofabrication(More)
Signaling by means of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors (VEGFRs) is required for cardiovascular development. To examine how VEGF/VEGFR receptor signaling affects early endocardial cell behavior, embryonic quail hearts were subjected to elevated VEGF165 levels (five- to nine-somite stage). Primitive embryonic hearts(More)
OBJECTIVES The introduction of computerized testing offers several advantages for test administration, however, little research has examined students' attitudes toward computerized testing. This paper, reports the attitudes of 202 students in a first year cell biology and histology course toward computerized testing and its influence on their study habits(More)
Cerebral functional activity was measured as changes in distribution of the free fatty acid [1-14C]octanoate in autoradiograms obtained from rats during brief presentation of a tone previously paired to infusions of heroin or saline. Rats were trained in groups of three consisting of one heroin self-administering animal and two animals receiving yoked(More)
Brain activity was measured autoradiographically using [1-14C]octanoate (OCTO) as a fast functional tracer in rats receiving either saline, heroin or cocaine. Regional optical densities were normalized to a relative optical density index for comparisons of OCTO labeling between treatment groups. Heroin significantly increased labeling in the dentate gyrus(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (RCBF) was measured with the [14C]iodoantipyrine technique and quantitative autoradiography in awake, restrained rats shortly after intravenous injection of heroin, naloxone or naloxone before heroin. The RCBF observed in these animals was compared to those obtained in similarly treated, saline-injected rats. In an identically(More)
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