Learn More
The cumulative sum (CUSUM) procedure is a graphical method that is widely used for quality monitoring in industrial settings. More recently it has been used to monitor surgical outcomes whereby it 'signals' if sufficient evidence has accumulated that there has been a change in the surgical failure rate. A limitation of the standard CUSUM procedure in this(More)
Surgery and other invasive therapies are complex interventions, the assessment of which is challenged by factors that depend on operator, team, and setting, such as learning curves, quality variations, and perception of equipoise. We propose recommendations for the assessment of surgery based on a five-stage description of the surgical development process.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Microemboli have been implicated in the etiology of neuropsychological deficits after cardiopulmonary bypass. This study examined the incidence of high-intensity transcranial signals (microemboli) and their relation to changes in neuropsychological performance after surgery. METHODS Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was used to(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of extra-pleural pneumonectomy (EPP) on survival and quality of life in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma have, to our knowledge, not been assessed in a randomised trial. We aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of patients who were randomly assigned to EPP or no EPP in the context of trimodal therapy in the Mesothelioma(More)
BACKGROUND The Randomized Intervention Treatment of Angina (RITA) trial compares initial policies of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in 1011 patients with angina. This report assesses the impact of these revascularization procedures on angina, quality of life (according to the Nottingham(More)
Over a 2-year period from January 1, 1992, to December 31, 1993, of 2,221 patients undergoing cardiac operations in our unit, 85 (3.8%) were reopened for the control of bleeding (9 patients more than once). The incidence of resternotomy in coronary cases was 2.3%, but resternotomy was more than three times as likely in valve cases (odds ratio, 3.4; 95%(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of the risk-adjusted sequential probability ratio test in monitoring the cumulative occurrence of adverse clinical outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of three longitudinal datasets. SUBJECTS Patients aged 65 years and over under the care of Harold Shipman between 1979 and 1997, patients under 1 year of age(More)
The validity of the cardiac surgical scoring system, EuroSCORE, has been assessed by several individual cardiac centres within and outside Europe. We chose to assess the overall international performance by systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. There were six studies meeting our criteria for assessment. Internationally, the evidence is highly(More)