Learn More
The cumulative sum (CUSUM) procedure is a graphical method that is widely used for quality monitoring in industrial settings. More recently it has been used to monitor surgical outcomes whereby it 'signals' if sufficient evidence has accumulated that there has been a change in the surgical failure rate. A limitation of the standard CUSUM procedure in this(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Microemboli have been implicated in the etiology of neuropsychological deficits after cardiopulmonary bypass. This study examined the incidence of high-intensity transcranial signals (microemboli) and their relation to changes in neuropsychological performance after surgery. METHODS Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was used to(More)
Surgery and other invasive therapies are complex interventions, the assessment of which is challenged by factors that depend on operator, team, and setting, such as learning curves, quality variations, and perception of equipoise. We propose recommendations for the assessment of surgery based on a five-stage description of the surgical development process.(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional assessment of the outcome of cardiac surgery usually takes the form of retrospective mortality figures and, at best, indicates an average performance over time. Summary tables conceal good and bad runs, and without risk adjustment they are difficult to interpret. We developed a refinement of the cumulative sum method that weights(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of extra-pleural pneumonectomy (EPP) on survival and quality of life in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma have, to our knowledge, not been assessed in a randomised trial. We aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of patients who were randomly assigned to EPP or no EPP in the context of trimodal therapy in the Mesothelioma(More)
A number of studies have examined the impact of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) on mood by means of cross-sectional analyses. These studies have provided a "snapshot" view of the numbers of patients showing psychological disturbance. To examine both the incidence and patterns of depression, 121 patients undergoing routine elective CABG were(More)
Research on surgical interventions is associated with several methodological and practical challenges of which few, if any, apply only to surgery. However, surgical evaluation is especially demanding because many of these challenges coincide. In this report, the second of three on surgical innovation and evaluation, we discuss obstacles related to the study(More)
Surgical innovation is an important part of surgical practice. Its assessment is complex because of idiosyncrasies related to surgical practice, but necessary so that introduction and adoption of surgical innovations can derive from evidence-based principles rather than trial and error. A regulatory framework is also desirable to protect patients against(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the variability of patients' length of stay in intensive care after cardiac surgery. To investigate potential interactions between such variability, booked admissions, and capacity requirements. DESIGN Mathematical modelling study using routinely collected data. SETTING A cardiac surgery department. SOURCE OF DATA Hospital(More)
55 patients undergoing coronary-artery bypass surgery (CABS) and a comparison group of 20 patients having thoracic or major vascular surgery were investigated preoperatively and 8 days and 8 weeks postoperatively for changes in neuropsychological status, psychiatric state, cerebral blood flow, and neurological signs, this last being assessed also at 24 h.(More)