Learn More
The cumulative sum (CUSUM) procedure is a graphical method that is widely used for quality monitoring in industrial settings. More recently it has been used to monitor surgical outcomes whereby it 'signals' if sufficient evidence has accumulated that there has been a change in the surgical failure rate. A limitation of the standard CUSUM procedure in this(More)
Surgery and other invasive therapies are complex interventions, the assessment of which is challenged by factors that depend on operator, team, and setting, such as learning curves, quality variations, and perception of equipoise. We propose recommendations for the assessment of surgery based on a five-stage description of the surgical development process.(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of extra-pleural pneumonectomy (EPP) on survival and quality of life in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma have, to our knowledge, not been assessed in a randomised trial. We aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of patients who were randomly assigned to EPP or no EPP in the context of trimodal therapy in the Mesothelioma(More)
A number of studies have examined the impact of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) on mood by means of cross-sectional analyses. These studies have provided a "snapshot" view of the numbers of patients showing psychological disturbance. To examine both the incidence and patterns of depression, 121 patients undergoing routine elective CABG were(More)
Research on surgical interventions is associated with several methodological and practical challenges of which few, if any, apply only to surgery. However, surgical evaluation is especially demanding because many of these challenges coincide. In this report, the second of three on surgical innovation and evaluation, we discuss obstacles related to the study(More)
Surgical innovation is an important part of surgical practice. Its assessment is complex because of idiosyncrasies related to surgical practice, but necessary so that introduction and adoption of surgical innovations can derive from evidence-based principles rather than trial and error. A regulatory framework is also desirable to protect patients against(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional assessment of the outcome of cardiac surgery usually takes the form of retrospective mortality figures and, at best, indicates an average performance over time. Summary tables conceal good and bad runs, and without risk adjustment they are difficult to interpret. We developed a refinement of the cumulative sum method that weights(More)
Evidence has accumulated to indicate that a proportion of patients who undergo coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS) do develop significant cognitive deficits. This study examines whether those patients who report cognitive deterioration after CABS do show cognitive changes as assessed by neuropsychological testing. The patients who considered that aspects(More)
In 8 patients undergoing routine coronary-artery bypass surgery, monophasic action potentials (MAPs) were measured by means of a hand-held pressure contact electrode to provide an index of local ischaemic changes. 4 patients received left internal mammary anastomoses (LIMA), and there were a total of 27 saphenous vein grafts (SVG). After completion of all(More)
To compare antibiotic regimens for their effectiveness in preventing or treating wound sepsis, well-defined criteria for outcome are needed. A method of assessing wound healing has been devised that defines carefully the characteristics to be considered and how they are to be awarded points. Objective criteria are also included in the assessment. Points are(More)