Learn More
Specific pathogen-free cats were infected with the Maryland strain of FIV (FIV-MD) for the purpose of assessing the effects of FIV infection on the central nervous system (CNS). Two separate studies were performed, involving a total of 13 infected cats and six age-matched, sham-inoculated controls. All animals infected with FIV-MD seroconverted by 8 weeks(More)
Two molecular clones of feline immunodeficiency virus were compared. The first clone, 34TF10, was from a Petaluma, Calif., isolate; the second, PPR, was isolated from a cat in the San Diego, Calif., area. The cats from which the isolates were obtained suffered from chronic debilitating illnesses. The two molecular clones differed in their in vitro host cell(More)
The nonprimate lentiviruses feline immunodeficiency virus, equine infectious anemia virus, visna virus, and caprine encephalitis virus contain a gene segment in the polymerase gene that is lacking in the primate lentiviruses. A related sequence has been noted in other retroviruses, most notably the type D retroviruses. Computer searches have indicated a(More)
Spliced messages encoded by two distinct strains of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were identified. Two of the cDNA clones represented mRNAs with bicistronic capacity. The first coding exon contained a short open reading frame (orf) of unknown function, designated orf 2. After a translational stop, this exon contained the L region of the env orf. The L(More)
FIV is a lentivirus of domestic cats that causes a spectrum of diseases that is remarkably similar to the clinical syndrome produced by HIV infection in people. Both HIV and FIV has been shown to cause neurologic dysfunction. Specific Pathogen-Free (SPF) cats were placed into one of three groups: FIV-PPR infected; DU-FIV-PPR (a dUTPase mutant of the FIV-PPR(More)
Proper function of the Rev regulatory system is essential for the replication of lentiviruses, including feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Specifically, Rev affects the overall stability of viral mRNAs that encode necessary structural and enzymatic proteins. In turn, the eukaryotic initiation factor(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a lentivirus of domestic cats that causes a spectrum of diseases remarkably similar to AIDS in HIV-infected humans. As part of this spectrum, both HIV-1 and FIV induce neurologic disorders. Because astrocytes are essential in maintaining the homeostasis of the central nervous system, we analyzed FIV for the ability to(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus infects the CNS and results in predictable pathophysiology strikingly similar to that seen with HIV-1 infection of humans. The observed pathophysiology is mimicked in several physiologically assessed modalities, further supporting the validity of the feline model. Peripheral and control evoked potential findings and the(More)
FIV is a lentivirus of domestic cats that causes neurologic disorders which are remarkably similar to those found in HIV-1 infected people. Using feline neuron cultures, we investigated the potential of both FIV virus and FIV-Env protein to cause neuronal damage through the excitotoxicity mechanism. The neuron swelling and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related sleep disturbances have been reported early in AIDS. Likewise, the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), a natural lentivirus pathogen of cats, produces a similar immunodeficiency syndrome with neurological sequelae. To identify the neurophysiological substrate of FIV infection in brain, pathogen-free cats were(More)