Tom R Phillips

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FIV is a lentivirus of domestic cats that causes neurologic disorders which are remarkably similar to those found in HIV-1 infected people. Using feline neuron cultures, we investigated the potential of both FIV virus and FIV-Env protein to cause neuronal damage through the excitotoxicity mechanism. The neuron swelling and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)(More)
FIV is a lentivirus of domestic cats that causes a spectrum of diseases that is remarkably similar to the clinical syndrome produced by HIV infection in people. Both HIV and FIV has been shown to cause neurologic dysfunction. Specific Pathogen-Free (SPF) cats were placed into one of three groups: FIV-PPR infected; DU-FIV-PPR (a dUTPase mutant of the FIV-PPR(More)
The interaction of methamphetamine with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the aetiologic agent of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), has not been thoroughly investigated. However, increasingly, a larger proportion of HIV infected individuals acquire the virus through methamphetamine use or are exposed to this drug during their disease course. In(More)
Fifteen adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with a set of electrodes for standard sleep recordings. A stainless steel cannula was also implanted into the lateral ventricle of these rats. Fifteen additional rats were implanted with a cannula alone. Rats with electrodes were habituated for 3 days or more to the recording environment, then placed(More)
HIV-1 infection is often complicated by central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. Degenerative neuronal changes as well as neuronal loss have been documented in individuals with AIDS. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection of cats provides a model for both the immune and the central nervous system manifestations of HIV infection of humans. In this(More)
Use of methamphetamine is increasingly a significant factor for the spread of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, for in certain populations, there is a convergence of methamphetamine abuse with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Methamphetamine and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are both individually neuropathogenic, and the(More)
Close to 20% of the patients infected with the AIDS virus develops neurological deficit; eventhough HIV does not invade neurons. Consistently with the neurological deficit, HIV(+) subjects show abnormalities in brainstem auditory and visual evoked potentials (BSAEP and VEP) and in sleep patterns. The HIV-derived glycoprotein 120 has been postulated as a(More)
Potential interactions between psychostimulant drugs and infection with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) on brain metabolism were evaluated. Four groups of cats were studied: control, FIV positive, methamphetamine (MA) exposed, and FIV positive plus MA exposed. Frontal gray matter, frontal white matter, and caudate brain extracts were studied with proton(More)
Opiate abuse is a risk factor for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Because the direct effects of opiates on HIV infection are difficult to determine epidemiologically, animal models of lentivirus infection are relied upon to study the effects of opiates in the absence of confounding factors. Morphine, the predominant metabolite of heroin, is(More)
The feline immunodeciency virus (FIV) is a lenti-virus related to the human immunodeciency virus (HIV-1). Although clearly evolutionary divergent at the genetic level, similarities between HIV and FIV are present at structural, molecular, and biochemical levels of the virus. FIV infection of cats shares many clinical features with HIV-1 infection of humans(More)
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