Learn More
Two molecular clones of feline immunodeficiency virus were compared. The first clone, 34TF10, was from a Petaluma, Calif., isolate; the second, PPR, was isolated from a cat in the San Diego, Calif., area. The cats from which the isolates were obtained suffered from chronic debilitating illnesses. The two molecular clones differed in their in vitro host cell(More)
Spliced messages encoded by two distinct strains of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were identified. Two of the cDNA clones represented mRNAs with bicistronic capacity. The first coding exon contained a short open reading frame (orf) of unknown function, designated orf 2. After a translational stop, this exon contained the L region of the env orf. The L(More)
N-terminal amino acid sequencing, ion spray mass spectrometry, and cleavage of synthetic peptide substrates were used to identify the N and C termini of the mature Gag and Pol proteins of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV). The Gag polyprotein encodes matrix (MA), capsid (CA), and nucleocapsid (NC) proteins. The Gag-Pol polyprotein encodes, in addition to(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) induces neurological abnormalities in domestic cats. Previously, we demonstrated that two disparate strains of FIV (FIV-34TF10 and FIV-PPR) varied greatly in the ability to replicate in feline cortical astrocytes. To investigate the impact of the env region on the replication efficiency of these strains, we constructed(More)
Feline immunodeficiency virus infects the CNS and results in predictable pathophysiology strikingly similar to that seen with HIV-1 infection of humans. The observed pathophysiology is mimicked in several physiologically assessed modalities, further supporting the validity of the feline model. Peripheral and control evoked potential findings and the(More)
The nonprimate lentiviruses feline immunodeficiency virus, equine infectious anemia virus, visna virus, and caprine encephalitis virus contain a gene segment in the polymerase gene that is lacking in the primate lentiviruses. A related sequence has been noted in other retroviruses, most notably the type D retroviruses. Computer searches have indicated a(More)
Specific pathogen-free cats were infected with the Maryland strain of FIV (FIV-MD) for the purpose of assessing the effects of FIV infection on the central nervous system (CNS). Two separate studies were performed, involving a total of 13 infected cats and six age-matched, sham-inoculated controls. All animals infected with FIV-MD seroconverted by 8 weeks(More)
A study was undertaken to determine the rate of viral transmission among naive specific-pathogen-free (SPF) cats living in close contact with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-infected cats. Twenty SPF cats were housed in the same rooms with experimentally FIV-infected seropositive and virus culture-positive cats for 2 to 4 years and were monitored for(More)
Borna disease virus (BDV), a nonsegmented, negative-stranded (NNS) RNA virus, causes central nervous system (CNS) disease in a broad range of vertebrate species, including felines. Both viral and host factors contribute to very diverse clinical and pathological manifestations associated with BDV infection. BDV persistence in the CNS can cause(More)