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The receptor-ligand pairs CD28-B7 and CD40-gp39 are essential for the initiation and amplification of T-cell-dependent immune responses. CD28-B7 interactions provide 'second signals' necessary for optimal T-cell activation and IL-2 production, whereas CD40-gp39 signals co-stimulate B-cell, macrophage, endothelial cell and T-cell activation. Nonetheless,(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF), red-cell mass, and plasma volume were measured in 39 patients with venous haematocrit values in the range 0.47--0.58. Patients with true polycythaemia were thus excluded. The 39 patients studied fell into two groups--those with a measured red-cell mass in the high-normal range and those with normal red-cell-mass values but reduced(More)
Cerebral blood-flow (C.B.F.) has been measured in 16 patients with polycythaemia of differing severity. The mean C.B.F. was 37-9 ml/100 g/min, which is significantly below the normal level of 69-1 (S.D. 9-3) ml/100 g/min (P less than 0-001). C.B.F. measurement was repeated after venesection in 15 of the patients. Lowering the haematocrit from a mean of(More)
The relations between the incidence of vascular occlusive episodes and packed-cell volume (P.C.V) and platelet-count in patients with primary proliferative polycythaemia were determined retrospectively in patients treated by venesection with or without chemotherapy. The incidence of occlusive episodes correlated positively with P.C.V. level. The risk of(More)
Transmittance spectra (500 to 950 nm) and reflectance spectra (550 to 1700 nm) were analyzed to determine if they could be used to distinguish aflatoxin contamination in single whole corn kernels. Spectra were obtained on whole corn kernels exhibiting various levels of bright greenish–yellow fluorescence. Afterwards, each kernel was analyzed for aflatoxin(More)
Cerebral blood-flow (C.B.F.) was measured in 38 patients with haematocrit values (Hct) in the range 0-47--0-53 and was found to be significantly lower than in 43 patients with Hct in a lower range (0-36--0-46). After reduction of Hct in the higher Hct group by venesection, flow increased by a mean of 50%. This improvement in flow was largely due to a(More)
  • Stephen R Delwiche, Thomas C Pearson, Daniel L Brabec, S R Delwiche, T C Pearson, D L Brabec
  • 2005
Fusarium head blight (FHB), also known as scab, is a fungal disease that affects small grains (wheat, barley, oats, rye) and occurs in the temperate growing regions throughout the world. In North America, it is primarily caused by the fungus Fusarium graminearum infecting the flowers and subsequently causing disease in the developing seed. This results in(More)
  • E T Elwood, C P Larsen, D H Maurer, K L Routenberg, J F Neylan, J D Whelchel +2 others
  • 1997
BACKGROUND Haemopoietic microchimerism has been identified in recipients of solid-organ transplants and is thought by some to be critical for the development and maintenance of immunological tolerance. The aim of this study was to correlate prospectively the persistence of donor cells with clinical outcome in recipients of kidney, kidney and pancreas, and(More)
Patients with high-normal or above-normal haematocrit were found to have impaired alertness when compared with a control group matched for age and occupation. On retesting the controls had improved alertness scores attributable to a practice effect; but the patients, when retested after reduction of haematocrit by venesection, had improved significantly(More)