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Escherichia coli K-12 hybrids carrying both the 220-kilobase plasmid and the purE-linked kcpA locus from Shigella flexneri expressed a 140-kilodalton (kDa) protein which was recognized by convalescent sera from monkeys infected with S. flexneri. These hybrids were tested for the ability to produce plaques in HeLa cell monolayers. Hybrid strains which(More)
The initial interaction of Shigella flexneri with HeLa cells was studied at 4 degrees C, a temperature that inhibits parasite-directed endocytosis. It was found that invasive strains were 10-fold more adherent to HeLa cells than were isogenic, noninvasive strains which had lost a 140-megadalton plasmid. Adherent strains were also more hydrophobic than were(More)
Immune sera were produced in rabbits with living cells of an enteroinvasive O143 strain of Escherichia coli. To remove O and K antibodies, sera were absorbed with an avirulent derivative of the same strain. In the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, absorbed sera reacted specifically with only virulent Shigella strains and enteroinvasive E. coli strains of(More)
The tendency for the members of a corporation or government to be resistant to change is explored in a model that encompasses two endemic features of such systems. First, the social system is modeled as a hierarchy, and implicit within it is a selection process that determines who advances to higher levels. Second, an agent’s behavior is partially(More)
Antisera produced in rabbits immunized with an enteroinvasive O143 strain of Escherichia coli were absorbed with an avirulent derivative of the same strain. The resulting sera have been previously shown to recognize enteroinvasive pathogens when used in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In the current study, Western blots (immunoblots) showed that such(More)
The ELISA reactive virulence marker antigen, characteristic of enteroinvasive Escherichia coli and virulent Shigella, expressed in an E. coli K-12 recipient after the 140 Md plasmid of an enteroinvasive E. coli strain had been introduced into it. Similarly to the epithelial cell penetration and Congo red binding capacities--known to be coded by the above(More)
Haemolytic Escherichia coli, including human intestinal and extraintestinal as well as porcine enterotoxigenic and oedema disease isolates, and Proteus morganii strains were studied for their virulence. Hly+ wild type strains and Hly+ transconjugants were more virulent than Hly- derivatives as shown in mice and chick embryos. This enhanced virulence seems(More)
The haemagglutination patterns of 255 urinary Escherichia coli isolates were examined with human (A, Rh+), bovine, chicken and guinea pig erythrocytes in the presence and absence of D-mannose. The strains were divided into four groups according to their haemagglutination properties. About 40% of the isolated agglutinated human red blood cells in the(More)
Károly Rauss was appointed as head of the Department of Public Health of the Elisabeth University of Pécs in 1946, Professor Rauss's carrier had started working with Professor Hugó Preisz in Budapest. During his residency years he was already appointed to the Department of Bacteriology chaired by Lovrekovics at the National Institute of Public Health. In(More)