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BACKGROUND In areas of endemic transmission, malaria in pregnancy is associated with severe maternal anaemia and low birthweight babies. The prevalence of infection is highest in primigravidae (PG), and hence control efforts are usually geared towards this high risk group. Using a sensitive measure of placental infection, we investigated the relationship(More)
We studied the sex of children born to individuals involved in the Yucheng oil disaster, Taiwan, who were exposed to polychlorinated byphenyls (PCBs) after an oil contamination accident in 1979. Men exposed to PCBs before age 20 years had a lower chance of having a baby boy than did age-matched and neighbourhood-matched controls (odds ratio 0.65, 95% CI(More)
In order to clarify the relationship between coronary artery disease (including myocardial infarction) and image contrast in gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-enhanced MRI it was decided to model the myocardial tissue distribution and clearance of Gd-DTPA using the modified Kety equation. Using a canine model, myocardial tissue Gd-DTPA(More)
OBJECTIVE The K10 and K6 are short rating scales designed to detect individuals at risk for depressive disorder, with or without anxiety. Despite being widely used, they have not yet been validated for detecting postnatal depression. We describe the validity of these scales for the detection of postnatal depression in Burkina Faso. METHOD The English(More)
AIMS Autoimmune disorders co-exist in the same individuals and in families, implying a shared aetiology. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of the common autoimmune diseases in the parents of siblings from the Type 1 diabetes Warren repository with the general population. METHODS Between 1989 and 1996, 505 British families with at least(More)
BACKGROUND Since 1999, prison health services and health authorities have been jointly responsible for assessing the health care needs of the prison population. To facilitate this process, the Department of Public Health and Epidemiology at the University of Birmingham developed a toolkit for carrying out a health care needs assessment of the prison(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the health of women who survive obstetric complications in poor countries. Our aim was to determine how severe obstetric complications in Burkina Faso affect a range of health, social, and economic indicators in the first year post partum. METHODS We did a prospective cohort study of women with severe obstetric(More)
Few studies have investigated fluoride exposures from juices and juice-flavored drinks manufactured with water. In this study, the authors analyzed 532 juices and juice drinks for fluoride. Fluoride ion concentrations ranged from 0.02 to 2.80 parts per million, in part because of variations in fluoride concentrations of water used in production. Children's(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of caesarean section on fertility among women in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN Analysis of standardised cross-sectional surveys (Demographic and Health Surveys). SETTING Twenty-two countries in sub-Saharan Africa, 1993-2003. SAMPLE A total of 35 398 women of childbearing age (15-49 years). METHODS Time to subsequent(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine whether in-patient mortality and length of stay were greater in diabetes patients with foot disease compared to those without foot disease. METHODS Retrospective data analysis of admissions over four years (2007-2010) to University Hospital Birmingham. Based on discharge diagnostic codes we grouped admissions into those 1)(More)