Tom P. Marshall

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BACKGROUND Few studies have assessed whether the poorest people in developing countries benefit from giving birth at home rather than in a facility. We analysed whether socioeconomic status results in differences in the use of professional midwives at home and in a basic obstetric facility in a rural area of Bangladesh, where obstetric care was free of(More)
OBJECTIVE The K10 and K6 are short rating scales designed to detect individuals at risk for depressive disorder, with or without anxiety. Despite being widely used, they have not yet been validated for detecting postnatal depression. We describe the validity of these scales for the detection of postnatal depression in Burkina Faso. METHOD The English(More)
In order to clarify the relationship between coronary artery disease (including myocardial infarction) and image contrast in gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-enhanced MRI it was decided to model the myocardial tissue distribution and clearance of Gd-DTPA using the modified Kety equation. Using a canine model, myocardial tissue Gd-DTPA(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the health of women who survive obstetric complications in poor countries. Our aim was to determine how severe obstetric complications in Burkina Faso affect a range of health, social, and economic indicators in the first year post partum. METHODS We did a prospective cohort study of women with severe obstetric(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the maternal outcome, in terms of postpartum infection, of deliveries conducted by trained traditional birth attendants (TBAs) with those conducted by untrained birth attendants. METHODS The study took place in a rural area of Bangladesh where a local NGO (BRAC) had previously undertaken TBA training. Demographic surveillance in the(More)
We studied the sex of children born to individuals involved in the Yucheng oil disaster, Taiwan, who were exposed to polychlorinated byphenyls (PCBs) after an oil contamination accident in 1979. Men exposed to PCBs before age 20 years had a lower chance of having a baby boy than did age-matched and neighbourhood-matched controls (odds ratio 0.65, 95% CI(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the impact of caesarean section on fertility among women in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN Analysis of standardised cross-sectional surveys (Demographic and Health Surveys). SETTING Twenty-two countries in sub-Saharan Africa, 1993-2003. SAMPLE A total of 35 398 women of childbearing age (15-49 years). METHODS Time to subsequent(More)
AIM The sphygmomanometer is an essential piece of diagnostic equipment, used in many routine consultations in primary care. Its accuracy depends on correct maintenance and calibration. This study was designed to: (1) assess the maintenance and calibration of sphygmomanometers in use in primary care; (2) assess the clinical, ethical, legal and public health(More)
BACKGROUND Guidelines indicate eligibility for lipid lowering drugs, but it is not known to what extent GPs' follow guidelines in routine clinical practice or whether additional clinical factors systematically influence their prescribing decisions. METHODS A retrospective cohort analysis was undertaken using electronic primary care records from 421 UK(More)