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BACKGROUND Long-term survival from Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is 80-90%, but the treatment has serious late adverse effects. Modern risk-adapted treatment requires accurate assessment of the patient's prognosis. This investigation assessed the value of positron emission tomography (PET) with 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG-PET) after two or three cycles of(More)
Several factors may affect the delivery of a nebulized aerosol to the lung through an endotracheal tube during mechanical ventilation. To study these factors in vitro, a model representing ventilation of an adult patient was constructed by linking a Servo 900C ventilator to a standard humidified circuit and an endotracheal (ET) tube positioned within a pipe(More)
Ultrasonic nebulizers may be particularly suitable for the administration of therapeutic aerosols to patients undergoing mechanical ventilation, but the amount of aerosol that reaches the patients' respiratory tract during ultrasonic nebulization has not been adequately studied. The delivery through an endotracheal tube of nebulized aerosols labeled with(More)
Forty new patients with elevated platelet counts (greater than 600 x 10(9)/l) and without palpable splenomegaly were assigned to diagnostic groups defined by essentially conventional criteria after 3 months follow up: Proliferative (17), reactive (17) or unclassified (six). Mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet nucleotide(More)
Increased delivery of aerosol to a model lung (attached to a mechanical ventilator) has been demonstrated with an ultrasonic nebulizer as compared to a jet nebulizer. This study examined whether the increased aerosol deposition with an ultrasonic nebulizer could also be demonstrated in vivo. Seven patients (6 male and 1 female) were studied during(More)
Lymphedema-distichiasis (LD) is a dominantly inherited syndrome with onset of lymphedema at or just after puberty. Most affected individuals have distichiasis-fine hairs arising inappropriately from the eyelid meibomian glands-which is evident from birth. A study of three families with LD has shown linkage to chromosome 16q24.3, and subsequent analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Several factors have been identified which improve nebulised aerosol delivery in vitro. One of these is the addition of a spacer to the ventilator circuit which improves aerosol delivery from a jet nebuliser to a model lung by approximately 30%. The current study was designed to demonstrate whether similar improvements could be demonstrated in(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing use of therapeutic aerosols in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. Few studies have measured aerosol delivery to the lungs under these conditions with adequate experimental methods. Hence this study was performed to measure pulmonary aerosol deposition and to determine the reproducibility of the method of measurement(More)