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BACKGROUND The diagnosis of an acute malignant hyperthermia reaction by clinical criteria can be difficult because of the nonspecific nature and variable incidence of many of the clinical signs and laboratory findings. Development of a standardized means for estimating the qualitative likelihood of malignant hyperthermia in a given patient without the use(More)
1. N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors were expressed in Xenopus oocytes injected with rat brain RNA. The modulation of NMDA-induced currents was examined by activating protein kinase C (PKC) either directly (using phorbol esters) or indirectly (via metabotropic glutamate agonists). 2. Bath application of the PKC activator, 4-beta-phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate(More)
BACKGROUND Dantrolene sodium (DS) is a direct-acting skeletal muscle relaxant whose only known action is to block calcium release from intracellular storage sites. The exact site of action for DS is unknown, but its efficacy in treating and preventing anesthetic-induced malignant hyperthermia (MH) is well established. METHODS Single ryanodine (Ry1)(More)
  • Tom Nelson
  • The Journal of clinical investigation
  • 1983
Two fractions of sarcoplasmic reticulum, one light (LSR) and one heavy (HSR), were isolated from gracilis muscle of control and malignant hyperthermia (MH)-susceptible pigs. Part of the gracilis muscle biopsy was used to compare the contracture sensitivity of the muscle to the calcium-releasing effects of caffeine on isolated SR membranes. Gracilis muscle(More)
Single sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release channels were reconstituted from normal and malignant hyperthermic (MH) human skeletal muscle biopsies (2-5 g samples). Conduction, gating properties, and myoplasmic Ca2+ dependence of human SR Ca2+ release channels were similar to those in other species (rabbit, pig). The MH diagnostic procedure distinguishes(More)
In a detailed investigation of a family with musculoskeletal abnormalities observed in four generations, the proband and his mother were found to have central cores and multicores on histochemical and electron microscopic studies of biopsied muscle. A male sibling experienced a malignant hyperthermic reaction during hand surgery, and although similar(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a life-threatening and frequently fatal disorder triggered by commonly used anesthetics. MH susceptibility is a genetically determined predisposition to the development of MH. Mutations in the ryanodine receptor type 1 (RYR1) gene are the major cause of MH susceptibility. The authors sought to develop a reliable(More)