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Voluntary intake was determined with vegetative Lotus pedunculatus cut and fed fresh to growing sheep of 42-46 kg live weight. Effects attributable to condensed tannins were assessed by growing the plant under high and low levels of soil fertility, inducing low and high concentrations of tannin (Expt 1), or by binding the tannins through spraying the(More)
1. Vegetative secondary growth Lotus pedunculatus was cut daily, and fed fresh at hourly intervals (600 g dry matter (DM)/d) to three groups each of three sheep fitted with permanent cannulas into the rumen and duodenum. Lotus fed to two of the groups was sprayed with low and high rates of polyethylene glycol (PEG; molecular weight 3350), which specifically(More)
Primary growth vegetative Lotus pedunculatus containing 46 and 106 g/kg dry matter (DM) of total condensed tannin and 3 and 14 g/kg DM of free condensed tannin, was cut and fed fresh at hourly intervals (750 g DM/d) to sheep fitted with permanent cannulas into the rumen and duodenum. Low- and high-tannin lotus contained respectively 41.3 and 31.6 g total(More)
New methodology for measuring forage condensed tannin (CT) content is described and the effects of CT upon forage feeding and nutritive value for ruminant animals are reviewed. CT react with forage proteins in a pH-reversible manner, with reactivity determined by the concentration, structure and molecular mass of the CT. Increasing concentrations of CT in(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of condensed tannins (CT) and an extract containing crude sesquiterpene lactones (CSL) from chicory (Cichorium intybus) on the motility of the first-(L1) and third-stage (L3) larvae of deer lungworm Dictyocaulus viviparus and the L3 larvae of gastrointestinal nematodes in vitro, using the larval(More)
Three experiments were conducted to determine the fate of condensed tannins (CT) during digestion in sheep. CT were measured as extractable, protein-bound and fibre-bound fractions using the butanol-HCl procedure. In Expt 1, purified CT were added to digesta from different parts of the digestive tract obtained from a pasture-fed sheep. Recoveries of CT(More)
  • T N Barry
  • 1985
Lotus pedunculatus (cv. Grasslands Maku) grown on acid low-fertility soil and containing high concentrations of condensed tannin (76-90 g/kg dry matter (DM] was grazed by growing sheep for 31-42 d periods in three experiments. In Expt 2 an additional group of lambs grazed areas oversown with white clover (Trifolium repens) and red clover (Trifolium(More)
Condensed tannins in forage legumes improve the nutrition of sheep by reducing ruminal degradation of plant protein and increasing crude protein flow to the intestine. However, the effects of condensed tannins in forage legumes on rumen bacterial populations in vivo are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the specific effects of(More)
The total amounts of time spent eating and ruminating per 24 h by goats and sheep were determined. The efficiencies of chewing during eating (mean value of C.EAT) and chewing during ruminating (mean value of C.RUM) on the breakdown of feed particles to below the critical size required to leave the rumen (less than 1.0 mm) were investigated. All studies were(More)
1. The fractional rate of protein synthesis (FSR) in tissues of nine growing lambs (4-5 months of age) was estimated following continuous infusion of L-[4,5-3H]leucine for a period of 7 h. Minimum and upper estimates of FSR were obtained assuming that the specific radioactivity (SRA) of leucine in blood plasma and tissue homogenate respectively defined that(More)