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High mobility group 1 (HMGB1) protein is both a nuclear factor and a secreted protein. In the cell nucleus it acts as an architectural chromatin-binding factor that bends DNA and promotes protein assembly on specific DNA targets. Outside the cell, it binds with high affinity to RAGE (the receptor for advanced glycation end products) and is a potent mediator(More)
Pre-mRNA splicing is a predominantly co-transcriptional event which involves a large number of essential splicing factors. Within the mammalian cell nucleus, most splicing factors are concentrated in 20-40 distinct domains called speckles. The function of speckles and the organization of cellular transcription and pre-mRNA splicing in vivo are not well(More)
We have analyzed the kinetics of assembly and elongation of the mammalian RNA polymerase I complex on endogenous ribosomal genes in the nuclei of living cells with the use of in vivo microscopy. We show that components of the RNA polymerase I machinery are brought to ribosomal genes as distinct subunits and that assembly occurs via metastable intermediates.(More)
The linker histone H1 is believed to be involved in chromatin organization by stabilizing higher-order chromatin structure. Histone H1 is generally viewed as a repressor of transcription as it prevents the access of transcription factors and chromatin remodelling complexes to DNA. Determining the binding properties of histone H1 to chromatin in vivo is(More)
Rat liver Golgi stacks were incubated with mitotic cytosol for 30 min at 37 degrees C to generate mitotic Golgi fragments comprising vesicles, tubules, and cisternal remnants. These were isolated and further incubated with rat liver cytosol for 60 min. The earliest intermediate observed by electron microscopy was a single, curved cisterna with tubular(More)
Alternative splicing of pre-mRNA is a prominent mechanism to generate protein diversity, yet its regulation is poorly understood. We demonstrated a direct role for histone modifications in alternative splicing. We found distinctive histone modification signatures that correlate with the splicing outcome in a set of human genes, and modulation of histone(More)
COP I-coated vesicles were analyzed for their content of resident Golgi enzymes (N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase; N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I; mannosidase II; galactosyltransferase), cargo (rat serum albumin; polyimmunoglobulin receptor), and recycling proteins (-KDEL receptor; ERGIC-53/p58) using biochemical and morphological techniques. The levels(More)
Mammalian cell nucleoli disassemble at the onset of M-phase and reassemble during telophase. Recent studies showed that partially processed preribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) is preserved in association with processing components in the perichromosomal regions (PRs) and in particles called nucleolus-derived foci (NDF) during mitosis. Here, the dynamics of(More)