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SUMMARY We describe an algorithm and software tool for comparing alternative phylogenetic trees. The main application of the software is to compare phylogenies obtained using different phylogenetic methods for some fixed set of species or obtained using different gene sequences from those species. The algorithm pairs up each branch in one phylogeny with a(More)
Determining the relationships among the major groups of cellular life is important for understanding the evolution of biological diversity, but is difficult given the enormous time spans involved. In the textbook 'three domains' tree based on informational genes, eukaryotes and Archaea share a common ancestor to the exclusion of Bacteria. However, some(More)
Phylogenetic analysis very commonly produces several alternative trees for a given fixed set of taxa. For example, different sets of orthologous genes may be analyzed, or the analysis may sample from a distribution of probable trees. This article describes an approach to comparing and visualizing multiple alternative phylogenies via the idea of a "tree of(More)
MOTIVATION Several methods have recently been developed to analyse large-scale sets of physical interactions between proteins in terms of physical contacts between the constituent domains, often with a view to predicting new pairwise interactions. Our aim is to combine genomic interaction data, in which domain-domain contacts are not explicitly reported,(More)
Experiments to determine the complete 3-dimensional structures of protein complexes are difficult to perform and only a limited range of such structures are available. In contrast, large-scale screening experiments have identified thousands of pairwise interactions between proteins, but such experiments do not produce explicit structural information. In(More)
  • Tom M. W. Nye
  • 2014
Most phylogenetic analyses result in a sample of trees, but summarizing and visualizing these samples can be challenging. Consensus trees often provide limited information about a sample, and so methods such as consensus networks, clustering and multidimensional scaling have been developed and applied to tree samples. This paper describes a stochastic(More)
A number of biological processes can lead to genes being copied within the genome of some given species. Duplicate genes of this form are called paralogs and such genes share a high degree sequence similarity as well as often having closely related functions. Some genes have become widely duplicated to form multigene families in which the copies are(More)
The root of a phylogenetic tree is fundamental to its biological interpretation, but standard substitution models do not provide any information on its position. Here, we describe two recently developed models that relax the usual assumptions of stationarity and reversibility, thereby facilitating root inference without the need for an outgroup. We compare(More)